Relation between India and China from ancient to modern times
It is well known all over the world that Buddhism from India had so much influence on China that virtually whole of China became Buddhist. In India Buddhism had risen since in Ashoka’s time, after Kalinga War, but slowly it declined in the face of Hinduism, the most ancient religion of the world which Indians had accepted and practised. During spread of colonialism of Europe in Asia, India and many countries were conquered by Muslims (Mughals) than Europeans particularly by the British. As china was considered too vast Europeans were satisfied by controlling Chinese coast. Thus Britain had Hong Kong and some other adjoining areas. Portuguese were satisfied with Macao with the decline of European occupying powers after first world war, independence movements got momentum. Thus during the period between 1919 end of second world war in 1945, independence movements in India and China got intensified. In India the movement was mainly peaceful and non-violent under Gandhi’s leadership while in China it was violent and aggressive under communists’ leadership of Mao Tse Tung. Though India, too, fought for independence under Subhash Bose and his INA, first with the help of Germany then with the assistance of Japan mainly from Singapore.
In brief these were historic relations between India and China till India own independence in 1947 and China under Mao Tse Tung’s long march changed whole of China in 1949 despite American support to their puppet Chiang Kai Shek who flew from mainland. India had to fight to turn out Portuguese from Goa while French, who had occupied Pondichery left peacefully.
Difference between India and China, who were peaceful neighbours from times commercial started when China occupied Tibet, which was Buddhist and not communist by farce to incorporate it with mainland China. Tibetan Buddhist leader Dalai Lama with hundreds of followers crossed into India. As a reaction China invaded north east India in 1962 through this area was part of India since British Times as McMahan Line This uncalled for China’s aggression created distrust Between India and China which exists to this day. Till 1962 war India & China were Bhai-Bhai. India and China thus became rivals, instead of being friends as throughout thousands of years. They became hostile neighbours. But from time to time friendship between the two Asian superpowers became evident during Chau-En-Lais visit to India and reciprocal visit by Indian leaders.
Recent visit of Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiahas is significant as it was after a couple of weeks after President Obama visit and a few days after French President Sarkozy’s visit. Thus it is worth to consider implications of this parried visit to India and just immediately after that to Pakistan. Chen’s visits to India and Pakistan ended within 4-5 days on 18th December 2010. In India he could not address the Parliament but had detailed meetings with Indian PM and senior Ministers. There were quire a few Memos of understand between two countries concluding with an agreement of trade and economic cooperation of US 16 billion dollars as both USA and France had signed similar agreements of trade and cooperation. Chinese PM got reception matching with that India gave to French PM though Obama’s visit being prolonged, he could attend many meetings along with his wife in Mumbai and Delhi.
Though India feared that Chen will mention about Kashmir and its solution through UN intervention but Chen maintained discreet silence on the Kashmir and so did India reciprocate without highlighting issue of Tibet. Though as reaching Pakistan from Delhi itself Chen Hien Jiahoo Chinese Premier addressed joint session of Pakistani Parliament after getting very warm reception as Pakistan and China had no disputes. In Pakistan, to, Chen remained silent about Kashmir so as not to provoke India to mention Tibet. In Pakistan Chen signed a deal like that of one in India of equivalent to US 36 billion dollars to strengthen friendship with Pakistan. This deal was more than double that he had signed with India.
India and China are superpowers of Asia in all fields like trade, defence and status in the world amongst top five nations. Chen also realised that soon India, like China, may become a permanent member of UN Security Council. Moreover in November 2010 Indian External Affairs Minister at agricultural tripartite conference of India, China and Russia in Wuhan attended by foreign ministers, S.M. Krishna foreign minister of India that Kashmir and Tibet are sensitive issues for both India and China. Thus Premier Chen in India or Pakistan did not mention Kashmir at all. Moreover Chinese Prime Minister wanted to visit India as three permanent members of UN Security Council had already visited India to strengthen friendship and cooperation and the fourth member Russia was to visit within a few days, not to be left behind as the member Chen expedited his visit before that of Russian President Dimitry Medvided. All the five permanent members of UN Security Council visiting India in Nov-Dec 2010 boosts India’s status as ‘India shining’ and likely to 6th permanent member of UN Security Council.