H C Singh

How to face Crisis? Views of J Krishnamurti

 J Krishnamurti (1895-1986) has been one of the greatest thinkers of 20th Century, not only of India but the whole world. There are a number of Krishnamurti Trusts and Foundations including one in USA and another in UK. Besides in India and a common Website for the entire world. His latest book ‘Facing a world in crisis’ is based on his lectures he delivered in Switzerland in 1972 and in UK in 1985.

The basic idea to deal with an individual’s crisis and that of national crisis or even the world crisis, according to reversed Krishnamurti are the same, i.e. not to be self centered or bothered about only one’s own self, nation, religion or community only and finally, if the mind is awakened and trained in this direction of selflessness, to think of the world as ones own and world crisis as ones and do whatever one can do to mitigate that crisis whether it is the crisis relating to global warming, which requires that every one should reduce consumption of electricity by switching off AC’s and even electric lights where not absolutely required. If it is a water crisis, as is developing all over, to use less water as far as possible and save water as much as possible.

 Here are some relevant and enlightening extracts, in Krishnamurti’s own words:

 On Love– Krishnamurti is absolutely right in saying that love is sublime, it is in the mind, it is in one’s actions. In his one of the lectures he says: – can love exist where there is hate and fear, where there is competition, where there is conformity, agreeing or disagreeing? Go into all this. Or is love nothing to do with all this? Obviously where there is self interest there cannot be love “Love is action and all else is reaction. An act born of reaction only breeds conflict and sorrow. Where the self is self is, love is not”.

 On Violence- Violence in relation to one individual with another, one community with another, one nation with another and finally violence in the world. Krishnamurti says “we are all in the same boat”. All of us, all the nations and the entire world have the same fate or future. Krishnamurti further expressed this view “I am the world”. There cannot be anything beyond what is implied in these two brief quotations.

On Job one loves: It is a world phenomenon that most of the people get jobs that they don’t love or want or ever wanted. In India, a Youngman who aspired for getting into IAS, IFS or IPS has to take up a job, any job for his livelihood. Similar is the case in other countries. Krishnamurti’s views are touching and enlightening which are given below:

As things are now politically, economically, with all the social injustices, you can’t find a job that you love. Is that it? That is, if you are an artist you say, “I love what I am doing.” If you are an artist you might love painting, writing a poem, or shaping marble or clay. But you will still depend for your livelihood on another; you have to sell your pictures, your poems. You have to accept others’ saying whether your poem is good or not, worth publishing or not, is saleable or not. So you depend on society.

That is, most of us are seeking status through a job. We don’t want to remain a cook, we want to become the chef, because the chef has status. We don’t want to be merely a priest, we want to become a bishop, then an archbishop, and finally the Pope, because that has immense prestige. So what most of us are concerned with is not function but status. Now, if you can remove status from your mind and do not seek it at all, then you accept what job you can, don’t you? And then that job becomes interesting. So am I seeking a job according to my temperament, which says, “I love that job”? And my temperament, my character is the outcome of my conditioning. So the job is decided on according to my conditioning and character. The conditioning is the result of the society I live in, and that society is,” Prestige, status is what is most important, not the function.” And so my conditioning says, “I must get to the top of my profession for the prestige it has.”

Krishnamurti has travelled all over the world many times and lectured for 50 years. Just as facing a world in crises is based on his lectures and is edited by a foreigner David Skitt. Similarly there are unaccounted number of lectures and books based in his lectures. Those interested in going deep in his philosophical, psychological, religious and cosmopolitan views they can contact one of the Foundations named after Krishnamurti.

April 30, 2010 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

IPL HANGAMA

 With regard to Kochi IPL fiasco in which two or three people are involved besides Shashi Tharoor and Sunanda Pushkar while with regard to Modi’s IPL hangama ten to twenty people are likely to be involved. How such huge amount of money including in foreign exchange or from foreign countries has been coming? How many thousands of crores of rupees? How much income tax has been paid during first and second Indian Premier League T-20 i.e. IPL? How much was the betting amount in thousands of crores of rupees? Who and for whom betting went on? Who benefited the most? How much money was involved in betting for each IPL franchise and who were the other bidders. How many US dollars were paid to foreign players of IPL? How many Indian sponsors were there like Vijay Malaya, Shah Rukh Khan and Preity Zinta etc and others franchisees?

These are relevant questions the answers to which will be out only after thorough probe by Income Tax and CBI authorities. Finance Minister has promised thorough investigation, implying no guilty person would be spared. It is hoped this probe and investigation will not take years but would be over within a couple of months at the most. Shashi Tharoor’s associate, Sunanda Pushkar, too, is in trouble as her association and financing of Kochi IPL are under investigation and she may not be allowed to leave India till the end of investigation against her and clean chit given to her. She is bound to pay income tax on her so called “sweat equity” in Randeavous Sports World even though she has given it up.

Shashi Tharoor, though hailed from Kerala spent many years in USA. After having spent many years in United Nations he rose to position of Asstt Secy General of UN, thereafter he came back to India. He was appointed in UPA government as Minister of State for External Affairs. He wanted an IPL for his home State. In his enthusiasm he involved his friend Sunanda Pushkar and got into trouble because Lalit Modi, Chairman IPL feared that if Shashi Tharoor a Minister in UPA gets associated with IPL his position as IPL commissioner would be in danger. So Modi put obstacles in the way of Kochi IPL. This has created a big problem for both Tharoor and Modi. Media took advantage of this conflict between two prominent persons and highlighted the controversy day after day. It divided the MP’s in two groups. Virtually entire opposition demanding Shashi Tharoor’s resignation as Minister. On return of US tour PM Manmohan Singh in consultation with Sonia Gandhi advised Tharoor to tender his resignation which he promptly did.

For a number of days Sharad Pawar continued to back him but, sensing the mood of UPA and Parliament he has withdrawn support or dumped Lalit Modi. The President of IPL since met Sharad Pawar and other members of the IPL governing body. Since Shashi Tharur was directed to resign because of his involvement in IPL controversy. On 26th April itself after the last IPL T20 concluded, Lalit Modi was removed, without a hearing, or a chance given by BCC, to explain his conduct, and in his place interim Commissioner Amin was appointed. Investigations by Income Tax authorities and CBI are continuing to find out the guilty besides Lalit Modi. It is hoped the investigations by both CBI and Income Tax authorities will be thorough and prompt and thereafter, as promised by Home Ministers, no guilty person will be spared. Then alone IPL Hungama will be over and it will be lesson to BCCI and other to be fair and transparent in their dealings, appointments of commissioners and also to keep watch on all transactions in time.

With regard to Kochi IPL fiasco in which two or three people are involved besides Shashi Tharoor and Sunanda Pushkar while with regard to Modi’s IPL hangama ten to twenty people are likely to be involved. How such huge amount of money including in foreign exchange or from foreign countries has been coming? How many thousands of crores of rupees? How much income tax has been paid during first and second Indian Premier League T-20 i.e. IPL? How much was the betting amount in thousands of crores of rupees? Who and for whom betting went on? Who benefited the most? How much money was involved in betting for each IPL franchise and who were the other bidders. How many US dollars were paid to foreign players of IPL? How many Indian sponsors were there like Vijay Malaya, Shah Rukh Khan and Preity Zinta etc and others franchisees?

These are relevant questions the answers to which will be out only after thorough probe by Income Tax and CBI authorities. Finance Minister has promised thorough investigation, implying no guilty person would be spared. It is hoped this probe and investigation will not take years but would be over within a couple of months at the most. Shashi Tharoor’s associate, Sunanda Pushkar, too, is in trouble as her association and financing of Kochi IPL are under investigation and she may not be allowed to leave India till the end of investigation against her and clean chit given to her. She is bound to pay income tax on her so called “sweat equity” in Randeavous Sports World even though she has given it up.

Shashi Tharoor, though hailed from Kerala spent many years in USA. After having spent many years in United Nations he rose to position of Asstt Secy General of UN, thereafter he came back to India. He was appointed in UPA government as Minister of State for External Affairs. He wanted an IPL for his home State. In his enthusiasm he involved his friend Sunanda Pushkar and got into trouble because Lalit Modi, Chairman IPL feared that if Shashi Tharoor a Minister in UPA gets associated with IPL his position as IPL commissioner would be in danger. So Modi put obstacles in the way of Kochi IPL. This has created a big problem for both Tharoor and Modi. Media took advantage of this conflict between two prominent persons and highlighted the controversy day after day. It divided the MP’s in two groups. Virtually entire opposition demanding Shashi Tharoor’s resignation as Minister. On return of US tour PM Manmohan Singh in consultation with Sonia Gandhi advised Tharoor to tender his resignation which he promptly did.

For a number of days Sharad Pawar continued to back him but, sensing the mood of UPA and Parliament he has withdrawn support or dumped Lalit Modi. The President of IPL since met Sharad Pawar and other members of the IPL governing body. Since Shashi Tharur was directed to resign because of his involvement in IPL controversy. On 26th April itself after the last IPL T20 concluded, Lalit Modi was removed, without a hearing, or a chance given by BCC, to explain his conduct, and in his place interim Commissioner Amin was appointed. Investigations by Income Tax authorities and CBI are continuing to find out the guilty besides Lalit Modi. It is hoped the investigations by both CBI and Income Tax authorities will be thorough and prompt and thereafter, as promised by Home Ministers, no guilty person will be spared. Then alone IPL Hungama will be over and it will be lesson to BCCI and other to be fair and transparent in their dealings, appointments of commissioners and also to keep watch on all transactions in time.

April 28, 2010 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

DANTEWADA MASSACRE – ITS IMPLICATIONS

On April 6, 2010 it is confirmed that 76 security personnel almost all of them belonging to CRPF were killed by “Maoists” in Dantewada jungle area as the unfortunate victims were like sitting ducks as they were asleep at the time of their onslaught. They never dreamt that in this adivasi populated area of Chhattisgarh they would be killed without even firing or killing any of the attackers, whether Maoists or other enemies. No reinforcement was sent for their help and to repulse their attackers though it was the deadliest attack. Even after the attack Maoists blew up with the landmine a military truck that was sent to rescue the survivors and injured. After the Maoists had blown up Army rescue truck, they captured huge Cache of arms and ammunition from the dead soldiers which included 76 rifles, besides some number of machineguns and lot of ammunition. Air force planes were not sent to provide air cover because so far it was not permissible to use air force against Indian citizens even if they are insurgents or Maoists. Similarly, army was not sent.

Questions arise as to why the Maoists are so cruel as to kill unarmed civilians and encircle CRPF and police personnel with land mines hand grenades and automatic rifles and machineguns? The other question of relevance is how such a situation can be prevented in future on immediate and long term basis?

There has been heated debate in both Houses of Parliament when Home Minister PC Chidambran who had earlier submitted his resignation accepting the responsibility for Dantewada attack and killing by Maoists of 76 security personnel. However PM did not accept HM’s resignation. Thus on 15th April he read a statement which caused unrest because copies of his statement were not simultaneously made available to all the MP’s and also Hindi version. Infact, no MP particularly of the opposition bothered to listen as to what Chidambran was reading from a printed copy that, too, in English which almost half the MPs did not understand.

It must be said that since Independence no PM or the government had time to think of the problem of Adivasis living in jungles of Orissa, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh. Instead their ‘Roti and Rozi’ means of livelihood were snatched as many parts of their inhabited jungles and hills were acquired without giving them alternate means of livelihood, what to speak of compensation. Some areas of Adivasis were rich in minerals and these, too, were taken away. Rendering thousands of Adivasis families homeless and starving. That is how and why they became easy recruits or preys for so called Maoists leaders like Kishanji. There are number of Maoists with Kishanji alias. The original was Bose who is now above 80 years and the present Kishanji’s real name is Kateshwar Rao. These adivasi villagers took up arms without much bothering about consequences even to them and their families.

There was no insurgency (now known as Maoist Problem) in these adivasi areas prior to independence. Both the Muslims who ruled over India, Hindustan, for about 700 years and British who ruled for more than 200 years did not disturb or encroach upon their areas and as a result they lived peacefully in their own tribal ways without imitating or bothering about better way of living. Even people of North Eastern States were not disturbed, in the way they administered their areas. As such there was no problem of Nagaland etc prior to Independence.

Now about the solution of this acute national problem. Sometimes back it was decided by government of India to give employment to all those Maoists who laid down their arms. But this solution obviously did not work. The long term solution appears to be, to an extent, the solution of Maoist insurgency worked out in Nepal, where, too, the fight between Nepalese Army and Maoists had gone on for decades. Now there is peace and no fighting at all. India is a big country unlike Nepal and the area in contral of India’s Maoist is quite large. As the earlier solution did not work because there were no negotiations between Indian leaders and Maoist leaders.

For permanent peace and development, it seems essential that there should be unconditional negotiations between government of India’s representatives and Maoist leaders, offering all the adivasi full equality with Indian citizens, free education by establishing many schools in Adivasi area, their right to vote, their employment facilities by setting up small industries employing most of Advani’s, and providing them houses in their original areas as far as possible and elsewhere in the tribal land. It may be essential to create a separate state for Adivasis of Chhattisgarh, Orissa, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh with separate legislature separate high court. This will provide employment to many besides MLA’s and Ministers of their own to sort out their difficulties and grievances.

It is hoped that if such negotiations start with open mind and declared objective these will succeed and peace and harmony in Adivasi, as in Nepal and Nagaland, would be there for all times to come.

On part of Maoists, their leaders, too, must realize the futility of armed insurgencies by them on Indian Security Forces. Both Indian government representations and Maoist leaders, after successful negotiations should sign an agreement for peace and harmony just as it was signed with Naga leaders which ended prolonged hostilities. However until Maoist stop their insurgency, Indian Security Forces must be careful and really well equipped well trained to reply with more than equal force, so that there is not at all any repetition of Dantewada massacre.

April 22, 2010 Posted by | India, Political Commentary, Terrorism | , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

India Pakistan and USA

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s latest meeting with President Obama of USA seems to have been quite successful. On Manmohan Singh’s insistence Obama has promised to restrain Pakistan from sending terrorist of Al Qiada Taliban etc to India. PM has also got assurance of 9/11 bombing of Mumbai. Further, President Obama was serious in preventing Pakistan government’s access to nuclear missiles. Our Prime Minister has also suggested formation of a wider organization to control the spread of nuclear energy and weapons. There are few achievements of Manmohan Singh’s US visit on April 12 to 14, of this year.

USA is more concerned with its own problems in Iraq Afghanistan and even Talibans of Pakistan. USA and President Obama are rather worried because even after a decade, Afghanistan and Iraq problems do not appear to be over despite US and NATO allies armies using their best armies and weapons and in addition bombing by Drone planes. During last decade or so more than one lakh insurgents in Iraq Afghanistan and Pakistan have been killed besides many thousand civilians because of suicide bombing by insurgents, in addition to USA and NATO armies attacks on their hide outs in Afghanistan and tribal areas of Pakistan in NWFP and Baluchistan.

Recently Afghanistan President, Hamid Karzai criticized US military attacks on the hide outs of Taliban killing many civilians and Talibans. All this has led to intensive retaliation by Talibans even on the Afghan capital Kabul and embassies located close by even Indian embassy. USA is, since then more worried about Afghanistan.

President Obama is more worried about insurgencies continuing in Iraq and Afghanistan as America is not in any way near a victory or solution though the US President has virtually announced to withdraw US Army from Afghanistan and Iraq by the end of 2010. Because of thousands of Americans having been killed and wounded during a decade of fighting, Obama is losing his popularity which is on decline.

Thus it is evident that USA cares much more for Pakistan by giving billions of dollars as financial aid as well as latest arms so that Pakistan Army tackles Taliban particularly in the tribal areas of NWFP and Baluchistan, by following dictate of USA and attacking Taliban in their hide-outs, killing not only Talibans but the civilian population too, which is displaced. Because of all these attacks by USA and Pakistan Army, Pakistan Government is facing occasional suicide bombing in Lahore and Peshawar and areas adjoining the Pakistan Capital.

Thus, so far as India is concerned, despite half a dozen visits by Manmohan Singh and talks with President Obama and US officials, there can not be much support by USA to India. India unlike Pakistan, can not ne subservient to USA. India is the biggest democracy and second most highly populated state with diverse cultures and languages. No Prime Minister or Government of India can take a decision, unlike Pakistan, to support and help USA, as Pakistan has been doing for the last 50 years or so under different governments and dictatorships.

Even India-US nuclear deal is being reprocessed despite American pressure, sometime, for immediate approval or agreement by India. Manmohan Singh and Government of India can not approve this deal without approval of Parliament. There was heated debate in Parliament and lot of opposition by BJP and Communists in and outside Parliament. It is therefore not possible for Manmohan Singh to get Parliament’s approval to nuclear liability bill in the present form. Accordingly USA, too, has understood Manmohan Singh’s difficulties and has toned down its requirements. US Ambassador to India has said on March 29 that “arrangement and procedure” for reprocessing US origin spent fuel have been made. He further added “This instant step is part of the great win – win narrative of US India Global Partnership.

On relations with Pakistan and resumption of talks PM made it clear in his after Security Summit press conference “If Pakistan takes credible steps to bring perpetrators of horrible crimes of 26/11 bombing in Bombay, to book that is the minimum we expect. If Pakistan does that, we will be very happy to begin talks once again”. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh further said that he would not enter into argument with Pakistani PM Zardari on this subject as India had given all evidence against them and the LeT hand.

USA and Russia, biggest nuclear powers of the world, signed a protocol to get rid of 24 tons of plutonium each equivalent to 17000 weapons. The protocol was hailed as full success. This is the greatest achievement of the Nuclear Summit.

It is noteworthy that President Obama has expressed and even eulogized Indo-US friendship. He said after the conclusion of Nuclear Summit. “There is no country where opportunities for a strategic partnership are more important to me personally and to the US than are with India.” India hails this friendly gesture towards India by President Obama of USA.

April 16, 2010 Posted by | India, Pakistan, Pakistan's Origin, Creation and Turmoil, Political Commentary, Terrorism, USA | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Justice and Injustice

 All are familiar with old saying: Justice delayed is justice denied. In India millions of cases are pending for unaccountable years. But in no country of the world such a huge number of cases remain pending, some even for decades from lower to higher courts. It is unjust, undemocratic and startling. For example, starting from lower courts where 27.2 million cases are pending, while before High Courts pending cases are 4.49 million and before the Supreme Court cases pending by 31 December 2009 were 55,791. It is noteworthy that despite clearance of 64,259 cases every year in various courts more than 5000 cases are added in the backlog.

Thus the problem in India is how to clear all the yearly cases and also the backlog of pending millions of cases. It is a very serious problem for judiciary as well as the government of India.

One important step, though yet to be fully implemented, is the Gram Nayalya Act. Under this Act which has been passed by the government all the states have been instructed to implement this expeditiously. Every Panchayat will have a Gram Nayalya or rural court, which will be headed by one qualified judge and two/three members will be provided by the Panchayat. There are more than 5000 village Panchayats which are functioning. If in addition there are 5000 Gran Nyalyas or rural courts millions of cases in lower courts will not get accumulated but there will be prompt judgment and justice. Thus there won’t be Justice delayed amounting to injustice in lower or rural courts. As there would be fear or hope of instant justice, many people will hesitate to go to court on flimsy grounds.

This system of expeditious justice in one’s locality is prevalent in UK where so called lower courts, without qualified judge or judges, are manned by respectable citizens, who are well educated and non-controversial. They decide expeditiously in one hearing the case brought before them. There is rarely an appeal against their decision or judgment. Their decision are accepted and honoured. In India, too, this procedure of Gram Nyalyas or rural courts if fully accepted and implemented in all 5000 villages will reduce more than 50% cases before the lower courts.

Example of England’s local ‘courts’ is very relevant and useful for village courts or Gram Nyalyas. As in England, in due course, India can experiment with local urban courts. If this experiment succeeds, we can drastically reduce pending cases and avoid further accumulation at all.

For regular courts, in districts, like Session Courts and High Courts, there should be double, the number of Judges and benches in a number of diversely populated Districts. This system, if adopted, will reduce from millions to thousands of pending cases in a few years.

Similarly, Supreme Court may have double the number judges it has at present to expedite the judgment on pending cases and new cases that come before it.

Judges in India, as elsewhere, are already paid high salaries and provided with security, residence and personal transport so that they can administer law expeditiously and according to the principles of justice and legal procedure. If it is considered further rise in their salaries and other amenities these should be provided.

If these suggestions, with modifications, are accepted and implemented, the number of pending cases in all courts in India will come down drastically and people will not have to wait for justice for year after year.

Few instances of Justice- Injustice are as under:

After 26 year of anti-Sikh riots in which according to official estimates more than 3000 innocent Sikhs were killed, not a single criminal has been convicted and sentenced. Another case is of Gujarat riots following death by sabotage of train in which more than 70 pilgrims, coming back to Ahmadabad. A number of commissions have been appointed and finally Chief Minister of Gujarat has been interrogated for 8 hours. Obviously there has been absolute injustice in 1984 case while in Gujarat case there may be further delay leading to justice delayed or injustice.

There are other individual cases of inordinate delay in judgment. Sibu Soren, who is now Chief Minister of Jharkhand was convicted and sent to jail in a double murder case of 36 years old. After release from jail he became Cabinet Minister at centre. He has been questioned/ interrogated by a Jharkhand Court recently on April 3, 2010. Is this Justice or Injustice? Other individual case is 14 years old of Ex DGP Rathore who had molested a 14 year old school girl Ruchika. The case is now taking turn against Rathore as he has been finally convicted.

It is clear from few cases mentioned above that influential officers like DGP and politicians, like Lalu Prasad Yadav, who has now been given relief by Supreme Court, was originally convicted in Fodder Scam case and had to resign from Chief Ministership of Bihar, can delay justice.

To expedite justice and avoid injustice steps outlined above like implementation of Gram Nayalya, Local locality courts on UK model and induction of more judges in District courts and Supreme Court, may be taken by the Government India on top priority basis.

April 14, 2010 Posted by | Anti Sikh Riots 1984, Indian Economy, Political Commentary, Politics | , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Sania- Shoaib Marriage

 On Monday the 12th April Sania-Shoaib got married predating by two days because of another Fatwa by Sunni clergies against their living together before marriage. It is a sign of relief to both the newly weds, their parents and to an extent India’s Media and Indian public. It is learnt by a survey that 63% Hyderabadis consider it would have been better if Sania Mirza a first tennis Icon who had won many international awards and recognition both in India and the World, had married an Indian Muslim.

Had Sania Mirza been born in Pakistan or any Muslim country in particular, she could not dream of becoming a tennis player because of religious restrictions on Muslim women’s dress. It is India a democratic country, an open minded multicultural country that sponsored her. In the beginning many Muslims disliked and even opposed her wearing tops and shorts, like other players of the world. But because she was in India and an Indian citizen, she had the same liberty to dress as Saina Nehwal one of the top Badminton players. She therefore despite the criticism of orthodox Muslims went ahead by her efforts and determination winning one international prize after another. India and all Indians irrespective of the religions encouraged her and congratulated her for bringing good name to herself and India. India was and is and shall ever be proud of her.

If the relations between India and Pakistan had been friendly and had Shoaib Malik not been a divorcee, India and Indians would not have felt but considered such a union between an Indian girl and Pakistani citizen as good omen for farthing and strengthening Indo-Pakistan relations. Even majority of Hyderabadis feel though whole of India feels much more that it had been better for Sania to marry an Indian Muslim instead of going for marriage with a Pakistani though a great cricketer, who was already married and continued to conceal this fact by telling lies. It was only when Ayesha Siddiqui came out openly and claimed that she was first wife of Shoaib Malik, filed an FIR against him, and there were legal proceedings against him and Police had taken his passport etc then he confessed to his first marriage with Ayesha, another Hyderabadi Muslim girl.

Quazi Abdullah Jaffery had made it clear that Sania Mirza could not marry Shoaib Malik unless criminal cases against Shoaib are not withdrawn.

Negotiations between Sania Mirza’s family Ayesha Sidiqquis family,Shoaid and middle men of Hyderabad who were close to both Sania and Ayesha’s families had prolonged negotiations lasting the whole night. It was only in morning that news of Shoaib’s divorce with Ayesha was announced before going for marriage as Scheduled for 15th April. It was then said that only Rs 15,000 (Rs Fifteen Thousand) had been offered to and accepted by Ayesha’s family for this historic divorce. But, a few days after that it was said, as appeared in press that the amount settled for divorce was Rs 15 crores.

 More hurting to India is that India’s groomed Tennis Icon is not only marrying a divorcee Pakistani but will go to Pakistan for marriage celebrations and after that would settle in Dubai.

Sania Mirza was so popular and so healthy beautiful, charming, intelligent and so fluent in English that she could select best of Indian (may be Muslim) bachelor from a top most family even of Hyderabad and remain in India with pride. Most of Indians, Sportsmen, Sportswomen and others feel sorry for the decision of India’s Sania Mirza marrying a divorcee Pakistani national.

However, as the marriage or Nikah has been quietly performed and Sania Mirza and Shoaib Malik are now married, we, all Indians and perhaps all Pakistanis wish them happy married life and we wish that Sania Mirza continues with her tennis and shines more and wins more awards and even become world’s topmost tennis player.

April 14, 2010 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , | Leave a comment

Russia and Chechnya

In 1991 when USSR collapsed in its place Russian Federation came into existence. Independence to many republics was recognized. Many such republics had Muslim majority. But Chechnya, Muslim republic, whose Muslim neighboring republics like Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan etc were given independence, was not granted Independence. Accordingly Chechnya started fighting for independence right from 1991 and in 1996, Russian Army was deployed.

In 1999 Russia sent 90,000 troops, who mercilessly killed 30,000 to 40,000 Chechen Civilians and rebels. This mass killing of Chechens by Russian Army led to suicide bombing as Chechnya, which had only one million populations could not fight with well trained Russian Army of a million or so. From year 2000 to the latest suicide bombings of Moscow metro etc in March-April 2010 there had been 42 separate cases of suicide bombing by 63 Chechens who killed themselves. Of the total suicide bombers 40 percent were women, who had lost their fathers, brothers or sons and felt that they have no purpose to live but take revenge and die.

Why is Russia arrogant and even cruel to Chechens? Why did not Russia grant independence to Chechnya in 1991 itself when it granted and recognized independence of all the Muslim Majority States of erstwhile USSR?

If Russian Federation continues to suppress by force independence movement of Chechnya killing thousands of innocent civilians along with rebels, it is likely to raise hue and cry in other Muslim countries around Chechnya. It may even lead to a situation similar to that of Talibans and other militants in Afghanistan and in Pakistan’s NWFP and Baluchistan which has been continuing for more than a decade, despite US bombing by Drone planes which killed hundreds of Talibans. It is high time that Russian Federation considers seriously of negotiating with Chechen rebel leaders and come to an end to this strife and eliminate the chances of suicide bombing.

Today Russia happens to be the biggest country in the world in area, spreading from Europe in West to close to Japan in the East, covering entire Siberia. Literacy of present day Russia is almost 100%, the per capita GDP 14,700 equivalent to US dollars. Thus Russia need not be adamant in keeping almost the smallest state of Russian Federation within Russian Federation and create untold miseries to Chechens and annoying the Muslims of adjoining Muslim independent states. Equally untold and unlimited miseries to Russians through suicide bombing by so called “Black Widows” of Chechnya causing death and injury to unlimited number of innocent Russians, going in Metros or other transport to their duty or work. Just as after the Second World War Russia (then USSR) in due course vacated East Berlin, East Germany and most of Eastern Europe, particularly Hungary, after prolonged fight, Russia should grant complete independence to Chechnya.

April 9, 2010 Posted by | Muslims, Political Commentary, USSR, World, World History | , , , , | Leave a comment

Global Warming – Its Cause and Effect

Now every country and its every educated citizen knows that there is global warming going on and affecting the glaciers melting, untimely rains and floods and fear of further rise in temperature of earth affecting all living beings. Now there are serious attempts through international conferences to control global warming so that our planet is saved from disaster after disaster.

It is also well known that fossil fuels are causing global warming to the utmost. The other ‘culprits’ are petroleum fuels and the extracts from all types of vehicles and motors.

Major cause of pollution by fossil fuels is use of coal in industries all over the world and excessive use of electric power produced by fossil fuels, for Air conditioners of all sorts particularly the AC’s which are used for the entire building for all the 24 hours of the day.

Till today, highly industrial and richest countries like USA, Canada, European countries and Russia are causing maximum pollution or global warming. The poor countries of Africa and Asia came last while middle level developed or developing countries like China, India, Singapore, Malaysia are also causing pollution because these countries, because of their economic development as well as the life-style of their citizens, particularly the urban gentry, using millions of vehicles and air conditioners in their homes and offices.

In brief global warming is due to ozone depletion which has been 3 percent per annum during last 20 years. Ozone depletions worst effect is on Polar Regions particularly Antarctica, leading to melting of ice, reduction of ice cap causing floods, rise in temperature, uncertain rain and rain storms and latest is even volcanoes.

Ozone is nature’s protection of earth from excessive sunlight. It is like a blanket on earth between 10 to 50 Km above earth, protecting earth, it “filters out harmful ultra violet radiation of the Sun and protects human beings against skin cancers, cataract problems and DNA damage”. Because of excessive use of fossil fuels and emission of smoke and gas from vehicles the nature’s blanket’ for safety of humans is getting damaged.

Still, it is heartening to note that since Montreal Protocol 1987, world has become cautious and has determined to deal with damages due to global warming to entire humanity. Accordingly by 1996 almost entire world, to be exact, 161 countries were participating in the Montreal Protocol. This historic protocol allowed 3 years grace period to developing countries like India, China and some Latin American Countries upto July 31, 1999, to adopt new technologies instead of fossil fuels, for producing electricity as well as other industries.

Because of implementation of recommendation of Montreal Protocol by USA and European countries, in particular and other developing and underdeveloped countries in general, it has been confirmed that depletion of Ozone layer has slowed down “due to international ban on Chlorofluoro carbons, Chemical compounds containing Chlorine, fluorine and Carbon.” In simple language because of lesser use of fossil fuels and petroleum products in industries and motor engines, there is improvement in atmosphere. It is hoped this improvement will continue. Increase in population of entire world during last 100 years has been unprecedented because of industrialism and advance in agriculture. It is estimated that in 1900 the earth’s population was 1.6 thousand millions. Further increase was unprecedented and alarming. In 1950, ie in 50 years, the population rose to 2-5 thousand millions and by 1990 6.00 thousand million. It is estimated that by 2050, 40 years from today the world population will be between 9.4 to 10.8 thousand millions”. The rise in population since 1900 is startling. The growth of population now estimated is “90 million per year” though there is some slowing down particularly in European Countries.

India’s population in 1947 at the time of Partition of the country and independence was 35 crores while in 60 years by 2007 it was estimated to be 110 crores i.e. three times increase in 60 years. It is the same story in China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and some Middle Eastern, African and Latin American countries. It is essential that these countries take steps to control the rise in their population.

April 6, 2010 Posted by | Global Warming | , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Shahid Bhagat Singh’s Courage and Patriotism-Little Known Facts

Bhagat Singh and his two associates Raj Guru and Sukhdev were executed on March 23, 1931 in Lahore jail in India. Particularly in Punjab anniversary of these patriots and freedom fighters was celebrated as they had taken up arms and had founded first revolutionary Army called Hindustan Socialist Republic Army. Bhagat Singh and Dutt were sentenced to life imprisonment on May 19, 1929 for throwing a bomb in Assembly. Earlier Bhagat Singh and his two associates murdered two British police officers Saunders and Scot in Lahore in December 1928, for killing Lala Lajpat Rai, a renowned freedom fighter who hailed from Punjab. After killing these two Britishers to avenge the assassination of Lala Lajpat Rai they put up a ‘Notice’ on many public places in Lahore. This notice was hand written by Bhagat Singh.

Notice: By Hindustan Socialist Republic Army Bureaucracy Beware. With the death of JP. Saunders the assassination of Lala Lajpat Rai has been avenged.” It is detailed poster of a full page and ends with “Long Live Revolution.”

                 The complete text of this “notice” to British and many other important documents like Jinnah’s historic speech in central Assembly in defence of Bhagat Singh, Gandhi’s discussions with Viceroy Halifax and his secretary Emerson and Bhagat Singh’s last letter to Governor of Punjab and many other document’s are found in noted writer and Lawyer AG Nooranis book “The Trial of Bhagat Singh- Politics of Justice.” These appendix reveal the little known facts as elucidated in brief.

Ghandhi on Bhagat Singh

Gandhi and Congress were facing unprecedented problem because a day before the scheduled Congress session in Karachi Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were executed. Gandhi had been negotiating with Viceroy of India and his Home Secretary Emerson for quite long for postponement of execution or commutations of death sentence to life imprisonment of these three freedom fighters but to no result, as Gandhi did not appear assertive enough. Few days before the execution of Bhagat Singh and his two associates Gandhi-Irwin Pact or “Delhi Pact” reached between Gandhi and Viceroy of India. After the news of execution of Bhagat Singh a day before the opening day of Karachi session of Congress, there were demonstrations against the government the ‘Pact’ and Gandhi. Following extracts from negotiations between Viceroy and Gandhi as well as between Gandhi and Emerson, Home Member, demonstrate Gandhi’s half hearted efforts for getting commuted the death sentence into life imprisonment.

              On 20th March there was a crucial meeting between Gandhi and Emerson. After the meeting Emerson informed the Viceroy in writing that “Gandhi did not seem to me to be particularly concerned in the matter I told him that we would be lucky if we got through without disorder and I asked all that he could do to prevent meetings being held in Delhi during next few days and to restrain violent speeches. He promised to do all he could.” (File No 33(1) 1931 Home Dept Political Branch, National Archives) To this Gandhi wrote a letter to Emerson in reply to his letter of March 20, 1931.

My Dear Emerson,

Thank you for your letter just received. I know of the meeting you refer to. I have taken every precaution possible and hope that nothing untward will happen. I suggest that there should be no display of police force and to interference in the meeting. Irritation is likely to be there. It will be better to allow it find vent through meetings

Yours Sincerely

Sd M.K. Gandhi

(F4/2/1931 Home Dept Political Branch, National Archives)

One can read from above correspondence Gandhi’s ‘dual role’ during the period of civil disobedience Movement launched in 1930. On one side he was negotiating, to get commuted Bhagat Singh’s death sentence to life imprisonment and on the other side he was helping British colonialist power how to deal with likely disturbances after Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev’s execution.

 Bhagat Singh’s Defence by Jinnah

First of all Jinnah criticized the Government of Punjab for maltreatment of Bhagat Singh and his associates who went on hunger strike because they were not getting proper food like other prisoners. Jinnah boldly said in Legislative Assembly in his long speech on Sept 12 and 14 1928: “As far as Punjab Government are concerned, the government do not merely bring these men to trial and get them convicted by a Judicial tribunal but government go to war against these men. The man who goes on hunger strike has a soul. He is moved by the soul and he believes justice of his cause. He is not an ordinary criminal who is guilty of cold blooded, sordid, wicked crime.” To elucidate Jinnah added, “It is the system, the damnable system of government which is resented by people….. What happened to Congrave, the Prime Minister of Ireland? He was under sentence of death a fortnight before he got invitation from His Majesty’s government to go and settle terms!” Jinnah concluded his long and logical speech with these memorable words: “And the last word, I wish to address the government are; try and concentrate your mind on root cause and the more you concentrate on the root cause the less difficulties and inconveniences there will be for you to face, and thank Heaven that the money of the tax payer will not be wasted in prosecuting men, nay citizens, who are fighting and struggling for freedom of their country.

It is clear that from above quoted extracts that Jinnah considered Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev, as freedom fighters. He asserted that they were not ordinary criminals. He compared Bhagat Singh with Irish PM, who, too had been sentenced to death but was called by British Government for negotiations. But British government of India behaved with Indian freedom fighters as if they were enemies and were at war.

The way he defended Bhagat Singh and simultaneously condemned the ‘damnable’ colonial administration in the Indian Legislature , shows that till then Jinnah was a strong Indian Nationalist. It is a different episode that after a couple of years he became President of Muslim League and with the connivance of Churchill and British started demanding partition of India and Muslim State of Pakistan. To achieve his object of Pakistan he went even so far as instigate September 1946 Bengal riots and also communal riots in Punjab in April 1947 and thereafter Partition riots.

 Courage and Patriotism of Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh when he was sentenced to death did not ask for mercy but wanted to be shot by army instead of being hanged. Following are extracts from Bhagat Singh’s last letter, “petition” to Punjab Governor: “We know that the maxim ‘might is right’ serves as your guiding motto. The whole of our trial was just a proof of that, we wanted to point out that according to the verdict we had waged war and therefore were war prisoners. We claim to be treated as such .i.e. we claim to be shot dead instead of to be hanged …….. we request and hope that you will very kindly order the military department to send its detachment to perform our execution.”

Bhagat Singh was first great Freedom Fighter who took up arms against the British tyranny to teach them a lesson that Indians will not sit idle but take up arms to fight for Freedom of their country. Thus Bhagat Singh was forerunner and inspiration to many young Indians who fought for India’s freedom from British rule in India. Socialist Republic Army which called for an “armed revolution”, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, was inspired by Bhagat Singh. He fought for India’s Independence as Supreme Commander of INA to bring an end to British rule in India.

Shahid Bhagat Singh was just 23 years old when he was executed by hanging in Lahore Jail. During 5 years of his youth he showed unlimited patriotism courage and knowledge through his letters. His patriotism and Revolutionary actions inspired many young men who fought for India’s independence and laid down their lives from 1931 to 1947. Thus Bhagat Singh, the revolutionary young patriot is honoured by celebration of his martyrdom all over India, particularly in Punjab.

April 1, 2010 Posted by | Indian History, Politics | , , , , , , , , , , , , | 7 Comments