Another historic visit of head of state of Permanent Members of UN Security Council during last three months from October to December 2010 is that of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, for two days from December 20. He has declared on landing in India that Russia and India share a privileged partnership from 1947 to 1962. India under Prime Minister Nehru had trade and defense relations exclusively with erstwhile USSR as PM Nehru had adopted and followed Socialist pattern of society on the model of Russia virtually in all spheres. India had nothing to do with America or with any other Capitalist Country. Though in USSR there was state control under communist dictatorship of Stalin, there was good progress of common man of more than a dozen state, language and cultures resulting in hundred percent employments, education of all communities and particularly old age care. In Feb 1955, Bulganin and Khruschev, two important leaders of the world at that time visited India. They got hero’s welcome as since independence of India no other leader from Europe or America had come to India. Not only Nehru who was socialist but whole India was overjoyed and started feeling recognition of India as a big nation which had came into existence as an independent country only 7-8 years back. But as there was what is known as ‘thought control’ and evils like sending to Siberia thousands of dissenters imprisoning them, torturing many and killing others. USSR disintegrated under Gorbachov and many states like Ukraine in west and Kirgizstan in east got independence. Thereafter independent country Russia started following in stages freedom of speech, free trade and enterprise and within a few years ceased to be communist.
After collapse of USSR as a Communist Union of States, India, too, completely abandoned socialistic pattern of society which had led to so called Inspector rule and no growth of GDP at all for almost20 years. Till 1964, Prime Minister Nehru’s sudden death because of shock of 1962 war with China. With defeat of Indian Army, India started improving economic and defense relations with USA and other European states and with Manmohan Singh becoming Prime Minister, India fully adopted free trade and development of Industries by private enterprise. As a result India’s GDP started growing from 5% to 8% per annum. Simultaneously we had improved relations with non communist Russia since then.
Above is, in brief Indian relations rise and fall with Communist Russia (USSR) and improvement after Russia became free from communist dictatorship. Now about the present visit of Russian president Dmitry Medvedev, which is significant in many spheres.
One of the important issue for the whole world, particularly for USA, is Afghanistan. Pakistan and even Russia and other NATO countries want early settlement of Afghan problem. Russian President has said that Russia is keen about this settlement and Russia is negotiating with Pakistan, Afghanistan and Talibans for early amicable settlement which will be accepted by all concerned. He has asked in an interview whether India will play a part in addressing this issue. India has been helping Afghanistan in construction of roads etc has suffered two attacks by Taliban on Indian Embassy causing a number of casualties. India would definitely like to get out of Afghanistan.
About civil liabilities for nuclear damage bill he cleared Russia India cooperation on peaceful uses of nuclear energy. India is definitely concerned about in contrast to Pakistan which is trying to use nuclear power for war purposes. In the year 2000 Russia and India had strategic partnership. More than that of India’s with USA as India is geographically close to Russia. Russia has remained steadfast in this cooperation and in 2010 this cooperation was ten year old and that is one of the reasons that Russian President made it a point to visit India during December 2010 itself. Russian President has signed many agreements and MOU’s for cooperation in many economic, defense and nuclear spheres. But more significant and far-reaching agreement with India is for the manufacture of Combat Aero planes in India with Russian technology and help; so as to make India go a long way to be self sufficient in the most important field of attaining self sufficiency in Air defense.
Russian President Demitey Medvedev has negotiated Joint Arms Control Treaty with USA, a decade ago its arch rival. President Obama has made efforts and has succeeded in getting clearance from American Government and people. Both Obama and Medvedev are jubilant on this achievement. This sets a precedent for similar Arms control Agreement between USA, Russia, China and India. If this comes through the whole world will be safe and concentrate more on other World problems like global warming and well being of poor people all over the world. Reduced expenditure on defense will automatically increase expenditure on economic and social field around the world. Countries like India have to spend so much on defense that they are unable to substantially improve the condition of their 30 percent citizens below the poverty line. India therefore hails the visit of Russian President. 2011 will usher in new hopes and new achievements in the economic and social spheres.
Nira was born in 1959 in Nairobi, Kenya, where her parents of Indian origin Iqbal Narain Manan had settled. Her adopted name NIRA RADIA or before marriage Nira Menan suggests that she is a Keralite but she is daughter of Punjabi parents and had contact with a Gujarati after her family had shifted to London. She married that Gujarati young entrepreneur Janda Radia and come to be known as Nira Radia and worked with her husband initially but, being more ambitious than Janda, she entered in to airline business as adviser. She made quite a success. While her husband had got the bad name by liquidating or dissolving 8 trade companies. In 1994 she came to India where her father had negotiated a job for her in SAHARA Airlines. That was the turning point in her life. Though she had three children from marriage with Janada Radia, she abandoned them and after a few years had illicit relations with Dhiraj Singh with who she remained close from 1994 to 2002. When both want to open a bank account in Swiss bank, she had become so close to Singh that she was Mrs. Singh when both went to USA. But despite such closeness for almost a decade when they were living together as a family, she broke up with Singh and changed living for kidnapping her 16 year old son, for which Dhirag Singh spent two years in jail. This was the character of Nira Radia that she could be close to one for her selfish business purpose and dump him when she no longer needed his help or association.
As Nira Radia had assets of more than 300 crores in short span of a decade, Income Tax authorities as well as Finance Ministry got suspicious about her clandestine, even antinational, activities as she had been called a foreign agent, though not substantiated From 2007, because of her contacts particularly with Ratan Tata and Mukesh Ambani, her conduct, movements and association with business tycoons, IAS Officers and ministers of States and Centgre, her 14 telephone lines were being trapped on the direction of Finance Minister, However it took almost a year to find out the truth. Though allegations against her came to light only after the Nira Radia tapes when on November 2009 it was decided by CBI and Income Tax authorities to depart someone to collect her tapes.
Now, in brief, names of persons and organizations in business and government who were using the influence Nira Radia for their personal purposes of collecting wealth and with influence and association of Nira Radia, knowingly or unknowingly. First of all comes Ratan Tata almost the richest and most talked about and influential business tycoon. How he got close to Nira Radia and what he gained for some years and what he lost (status and respect as most intelligent entrepreneur). Nira Radia had met Ratan Tata in 2001 which was the most significant year of her life when she was working for Tata Airlines & Singapore Airlines a joint venture. She impressed Ratan Tata so much that within a couple of years she was handling public relations of 14 Tata companies and by 2009 she had so much influence on Rata Tata that she was controlling public relations of about 90 Tata companies.
Because of Radia’s closeness to Tata and her influence in 2008 and the business tycoon, richest Indian, Mukesh Ambani thought of similar rise with the influence of Radia with publication and bureaucrats. Thus Mukesh Ambani gave to Nira Radia virtually entire control of Reliance Industries. This sudden rise of Nira Radia also disturbed the central government. UPA-II whose communication minister ‘A’ Raja was also in close contact of Nira Radia and through her was indulging in more corruption as he was till then unchallenged. But Nira Radia-Raja alliance had also tainted the image of Prime Ministger and UPA-II government in general. This led in a year or so to investigation in Nira Radia activities and finally the Nira Radia tapes disclosures. Nira Radia was to expect in getting hold of right men to achieve her object both in industry and government, without being herself in front live. So she had, what is called a ‘Fixer’ for this purpose. She chose Tarun Das who was eminent organizer of Indian Industry, was not simply in good books of the government but had untold influence even on PM Manmohan Singh on whose recommendation he had been awarded Padma Bhushan in 2006. Nira Radia’s conversation with Das virtually shows that Das was willing to influence the government to get what she wanted, of course at a price to Das. Besides many fixing done by Das, Nira Radia got two important approvals made by the government viz appointment of Kamal Nath as minister of surface transport, to support ‘A’ Raja and appoint Sunil Arora as Chairman of Indian Airlines. To all these suggestions by Das, the fixer, PM agreed and lost his prestige, particularly by defending for long Raja and also by opposing JPC, so that Raja, whom he had defended for a long is not exposed.
To conclude, Nira Radia was educated in London, was very intelligent, particularly impressive in conversation. As a result she could impress in first meeting business stalwarts like Ratan Tata, but she being over ambitious and determined to achieve her objective by fair, more after by foul means. Her conversation on tapes and her almost a dozen telephone numbers, when got in possession of government and got publicity in media people all over India, many bureaucrats and ministers and even UPA-II got into trouble along with Nira Radia. Her rise and fall during two decades proves that no one, businessmen, politician, bureaucrat or even common man or woman, should never adapt foul means to attain their object, howsoever right it may be.
It is well known all over the world that Buddhism from India had so much influence on China that virtually whole of China became Buddhist. In India Buddhism had risen since in Ashoka’s time, after Kalinga War, but slowly it declined in the face of Hinduism, the most ancient religion of the world which Indians had accepted and practised. During spread of colonialism of Europe in Asia, India and many countries were conquered by Muslims (Mughals) than Europeans particularly by the British. As china was considered too vast Europeans were satisfied by controlling Chinese coast. Thus Britain had Hong Kong and some other adjoining areas. Portuguese were satisfied with Macao with the decline of European occupying powers after first world war, independence movements got momentum. Thus during the period between 1919 end of second world war in 1945, independence movements in India and China got intensified. In India the movement was mainly peaceful and non-violent under Gandhi’s leadership while in China it was violent and aggressive under communists’ leadership of Mao Tse Tung. Though India, too, fought for independence under Subhash Bose and his INA, first with the help of Germany then with the assistance of Japan mainly from Singapore.
In brief these were historic relations between India and China till India own independence in 1947 and China under Mao Tse Tung’s long march changed whole of China in 1949 despite American support to their puppet Chiang Kai Shek who flew from mainland. India had to fight to turn out Portuguese from Goa while French, who had occupied Pondichery left peacefully.
Difference between India and China, who were peaceful neighbours from times commercial started when China occupied Tibet, which was Buddhist and not communist by farce to incorporate it with mainland China. Tibetan Buddhist leader Dalai Lama with hundreds of followers crossed into India. As a reaction China invaded north east India in 1962 through this area was part of India since British Times as McMahan Line This uncalled for China’s aggression created distrust Between India and China which exists to this day. Till 1962 war India & China were Bhai-Bhai. India and China thus became rivals, instead of being friends as throughout thousands of years. They became hostile neighbours. But from time to time friendship between the two Asian superpowers became evident during Chau-En-Lais visit to India and reciprocal visit by Indian leaders.
Recent visit of Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiahas is significant as it was after a couple of weeks after President Obama visit and a few days after French President Sarkozy’s visit. Thus it is worth to consider implications of this parried visit to India and just immediately after that to Pakistan. Chen’s visits to India and Pakistan ended within 4-5 days on 18th December 2010. In India he could not address the Parliament but had detailed meetings with Indian PM and senior Ministers. There were quire a few Memos of understand between two countries concluding with an agreement of trade and economic cooperation of US 16 billion dollars as both USA and France had signed similar agreements of trade and cooperation. Chinese PM got reception matching with that India gave to French PM though Obama’s visit being prolonged, he could attend many meetings along with his wife in Mumbai and Delhi.
Though India feared that Chen will mention about Kashmir and its solution through UN intervention but Chen maintained discreet silence on the Kashmir and so did India reciprocate without highlighting issue of Tibet. Though as reaching Pakistan from Delhi itself Chen Hien Jiahoo Chinese Premier addressed joint session of Pakistani Parliament after getting very warm reception as Pakistan and China had no disputes. In Pakistan, to, Chen remained silent about Kashmir so as not to provoke India to mention Tibet. In Pakistan Chen signed a deal like that of one in India of equivalent to US 36 billion dollars to strengthen friendship with Pakistan. This deal was more than double that he had signed with India.
India and China are superpowers of Asia in all fields like trade, defence and status in the world amongst top five nations. Chen also realised that soon India, like China, may become a permanent member of UN Security Council. Moreover in November 2010 Indian External Affairs Minister at agricultural tripartite conference of India, China and Russia in Wuhan attended by foreign ministers, S.M. Krishna foreign minister of India that Kashmir and Tibet are sensitive issues for both India and China. Thus Premier Chen in India or Pakistan did not mention Kashmir at all. Moreover Chinese Prime Minister wanted to visit India as three permanent members of UN Security Council had already visited India to strengthen friendship and cooperation and the fourth member Russia was to visit within a few days, not to be left behind as the member Chen expedited his visit before that of Russian President Dimitry Medvided. All the five permanent members of UN Security Council visiting India in Nov-Dec 2010 boosts India’s status as ‘India shining’ and likely to 6th permanent member of UN Security Council.