For decades Japan’s economy remained at the top but during 2010 it has deteriorated so much that it came to 3rd position, behind USA and China. Newly elected PM of DPJ (Democratic Party of Japan) showed determination to change drastically or making epic changes in Agriculture and Industry as well as in business so that once again Japan’s Sun rises not only in east but throughout the world. During 19th century and upto Second World War.Japan was the strongest Asian Country when China was just struggling. Japan had conquered Korea towards the close of 19th Century and ruled over it without any threat from China or even European countries like UK, Portugal and France who had conquered and dominated most of Asia including India. Indonesia and South East Asia, like Hitler’s Germany in Europe, Japan in Asia, was too ambitious, Germany tried to conquer whole of Europe including the then USSR but ultimately got defeated by Allies. In their over ambitious and fascist attempt both Germany and Japan faced humiliation. To finally crush Japan, USA dropped atom bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Germany was divided. Japan lost Korea and was banned from manufacturing and keeping equipped Army. After the war Japan concentrated all its energies and initiative on economic development. This is in brief modern history of Japan upto 2000 when Japan triumphed and got top most economic status.
From 2005 to 2009 Japan helplessly faced worst political crises and stagnation in economy because there were four weak Prime ministers belonging to LDP (Liberal Democratic Party) one after the other, each remaining PM just for one year and paving the ground for another weak and inefficient PM. Four PM’s in four years had never happened before. Thus it is said by Yurika Kolke of defeated LDP that Japanese PM’s are like tissue papers, accordingly they were thrown into the dustbin of history for which no one in Japan was angry or felt sorry. As a consequence, it was natural in a democratic country, opposition Party DPJ, won the elections in 2009 and Naoto Kan was elected PM. It was thought, particularly by the opposition that he, too, will be meeting the same fate as 4 PM’s of LDP. Even the ruling party’s some leaders felt so and did not give him the support unconditionally to strengthen his position and his own party. Opposition had planned to block the budget session in spring of 2011. But new PM of Japan proved to be bold and determined and went ahead with epic making reforms in economy in all the important fields like agriculture, industry, foreign trade.
Mr. Kan’s package of reforms is more radical than any during last two to three decades. His predecessors in DJP Mr. Koizum who ruled Japan for 5 years from 2001 to 2006 did not think or dared not to attempt any of such drastic reforms though he was an excellent speaker. In contrast the present PM Kan is almost a clumsy speaker and not impressive at all. But has unmatched determination to go ahead with reforms whether the opposition or even his own party stalwarts opposite it. His package of reforms to end the economic malice of more than two decades, includes social security, raise the consumption, sales tax, trade and measures to stabilize finances, more government bonds to be issued than tax revenues to emancipate the worlds one of the most indebted economy. He does not want to step down before completing all reforms in his mind. For free trade he is imitating USA and Western Countries. So he plans to join, radical free Trade countries organization known as Trans Pacific Partnership whose members are USA, Australia, Brunei, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore. Dr. Kan is determined to join despite all hurdles at home and abroad. His determination is his main character which his predecessors in his own party and even in opposition did not have so they not only failed and were considered like tissue papers but ruined the economy of Japan.
Latest effort by Japan to improve its economy is a bilateral agreement with India to double the trade by 2005. The bilateral agreement was signed in Tokyo by Japanese Government and India’s Commerce Minister recently in Feb 2010 itself. This infact the first bilateral agreement of liberalization of economy between 9 countries which Japan under new PM Kan has decided to join but is yet to be admitted. The India-Japan bilateral agreement has come into operation which will benefit both Japan and India Japan needs precious minerals which were hitherto being imported from China which now Japan would be importing from India which is rich in precious minerals and India by importing from Japan best type of agricultural produce particularly high quality of rice will also benefit besides other imports and exports.
In March 2010 an Indian merchant ship was high jacked by Somali pirates and all the crew members and helpers of various categories were taken hostages. They have been suffering for the last one year. Some have died, some are struggling as they are kept like prisoners and are denied even normal treatment of a prisoner. This problem of the Indian suffering in Somalia was brought to light on 16th February 2011 in a discussion on T.V. wherein parents of a couple of hostages were present and were virtually and naturally often crying, saying that they have met secretaries of defense, home and foreign affairs but there has been little response but no action all these months. They were questioning: Are they not Indians? If they are why no action has been taken to get their release. If the pirates, as from all countries whose ships have been pirated, demand ransom why it has not been negotiated and decided over a year. It is authoritatively learnt that since 2005, in particular, there has been much increase in pirate activities. During 2010 alone there have been more than 200 attacks by pirates compared to only 35 during 2005.Ransom paid during 2010 touched 238 million US Dollars, approximately 5 million dollar per ship. Why did India not negotiate and pay 4 to 5 million dollars and got the ship and hostages back to India within a month of capture of Indian ship, though a merchant ship. Total ransom would not have been more than 16 to 20 crores of Rupees. When upto 2010 because of dozen or so scams lakhs of crores have cost the country?
For instance if a son of minister, MP, MLA or close relation of civil servant had been one of the hostage of these pirates would the government have waited for a year to even negotiate his release? Certainly not. It is even now incumbent on the central government to take urgent steps, negotiate with Somali Pirates and pay the ransom decided to get the release of Indian hostages suffering for more than a year. As under our democratic constitution all Indians are equal whether they are high officials, politicians of States, whether they are rich or poor, it is hoped that Government of India will take urgent steps to bring back the Indians suffering as hostages for year and also wipe the tears from the eyes of their parents.
A fortnight back India captured about 30 Somali Pirates near Kerala and Sri Lanka Coast and they are kept as prisoners and are treated well like other prisoners, and even better, because Indian government is hopeful of getting Indian hostages from Somali Pirates in exchange to those captured and held by India. But Somali pirates have little respect or even concern for human life that is why there has been no progress in this respect. Somali pirates main concern in getting ransom in million of dollars or equivalent for each ship captured. So government of India may think seriously on this aspect and go ahead to pay ransom like other countries of 200 ships captured by these pirates, and get the Indian hostages released and back home in India and to their families.
Now about some facts about Somali pirates, their land, their culture, source of livelihood and of East African Countries which are their neighbors. International and UN effort and also effort by European Union have not been so far successful except in getting European and some other countries hostages released after payment of ransom without much delay. Somalia and adjacent Pirate region of Puntland wherefrom the pirates come are located in the Gulf of Aden, north east coast of Africa. Close to Somalia is Kenya, and Ethiopia. Of the east African countries adjoining Somalia and coast controlled by pirates from where they operate only Kenya has coast. The other two countries viz Somaliland and Ethiopia are landlocked and are helpless. As pirates don’t touch Kenyan boats or ships and also as Kenyan Navy is not strong enough to intervene stop the piracy adjoining their coast and sea extending to hundreds of nautical miles. During and up to 2008 their area of piracy was quite small but it has from 2008 to 2010 extended many time more. In spite of all the efforts made by European and other powerful countries, instead of stopping piracy from year 2000, piracy by Somali pirates has become much greater threat as pirates have from 2008 onward better equipped bigger ships.
So far there has been absolute failure in controlling Somalia pirates and their piracy. Why? How the piracy started and got impetus? A decade or so back, foreign travelers, mostly unlicensed, were dumping toxic waste close to Somali coast as the weak Somali State could not protect its coast and in response to fishermen whose livelihood depended on fisheries, in response they started high-jacking foreign trawlers and even ships and got into the habit of getting ransom. Dumping of toxic waste stopped but piracy got momentum. Centre of pirates and piracy became adjoining to Somalia in the semi autonomous region of Punta-land. According to UN estimates annual ransom due to piracy was between 5 to 7 billion US dollars in 2010. i.e. between 20,000 and 30,000 crores in a year. Adjoining state of Somalia itself gets lot of foreign exchange to improve their economy and mode of living. Of course the pirates and the great beneficiaries of piracy and are enjoying the most without loss of their lives and boats and ships. Countries like India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Arab countries up to Yemen are unable to end the piracy where UN and European countries and even USA, which have greater resources like naval ships equipped best in the world ships and resources to decide firmly to end piracy by whatever means including negotiations at highest UN level and promise to give financial help to compensate fully the loss due to end of piracy and loss of ransom money in billion of dollars.
Two years, 2011 and 2012 are crucial for President Obama who is first black President of USA. During last two years his popularity in US has been vacillating between 60 percent highest to 40 percent lowest. The President was faced with many problems besides problem of Afghanistan War with Taliban which was 10 years old and US intervention in Iraq. Both these problems were created by his predecessor George Bush and were left burning and harming American interest. The other problem of great magnitude was running deficit and federal debt, though these were caused by worldwide recession for which, too, America was held responsible as there was virtually no recession effect on China’s economy and also little impact on the economy of other Asian countries like India, Middle East and South East Asia. Though Barack Obama the newly elected US President was expected to solve these problems to put economy of USA once more rising and deficit going down, as well as unemployment. As unemployment in USA had risen to 9.4 or 10 percent and, if added the huge number of part time workers, it would touch 20 percent, not keeping pace with increase in population during the same period. Thus it is reported that his recent speech has failed to pacify the nation which had hoped that during the next two years Obama will be able to solve the basic economic problems like rising deficit and equally important rising unemployment.
President Obama’s speech on the state of Nation in early Feb 2010 about US under his presidentship during last two years and January 2011 has not shown any improvement in the American economy and international prestige but there has been determination, rather marked, in federal deficit, employment and general economy. About the remaining two years of Obama’s present tenure as President it is to be seen whether there is likelihood of marked improvement in employment as well as national economy. With regard to Afghanistan he first said that American troops will be withdrawn by the end of 2010 but not much has been achieved, accordingly date of withdrawal of US and NATO forces from Afghanistan has been extended to July 2011. It is to be seen whether completion of US withdrawal is achieved by that deadline and Taliban problem solved so that American sponsored President Karzai is able to function as President peacefully without suicide bombing and other hostile attacks by Taliban. If there is no peace by that time and no stable democratic government of Karzai as President, it will mean absolute failure of US policy in Afghanistan and unnecessary loss of trillion of US dollars every year and loss of hundreds of US and NATO soldiers every year, besides loss of million of lives of Afghans, as well as in parts of Pakistan. NWFP and Baluchistan and loss of stability in Pakistan.
Problem of Iraq is only 4-5 years old but in Iraq, too, there is suicide bombing more frequently than in Afghanistan and the US sponsored democratic government seems to be a farce. No stability in Iraq is within sight. America will be leaving Iraq unsettled and in greater turmoil than when America under George Bush intervened for no reason. Obama has to withdraw from Iraq in the interest of USA and in his own interest so that there is no further loss of US and NATO lives and loss of hundreds of trillion dollars effecting American Economy and prestige in the world.
Will Obama before the next elections of President of USA in 2012 be able to achieve something tangible and something that has impact on US Economy, reduction of Federal deficit and nation wide improvement in employment, reduction, in inflation, increase in American production of industries and Trade?
President Obama inspite of his best efforts could not solve the basic problem due to world wide recession much more effective in USA than in other countries even of Europe as pointed out above. Obama alone cannot be held responsible or blamed for almost failure to uplift and drastically improve American economy. No new leader can bring drastic change as it is considered unrealistic as in USA to expect snow fall in August. However Obama made efforts. In December 2010 he dropped the plan of imposing new taxes and raising taxes on the rich citizens and, to stimulate the sluggish economy, entered into fresh borrowing. Obama’s new economic policy was criticized by many members of House of representative in which republicans now had gained majority. President Clinton, too, in 1995 faced similar position but finally triumphed. Though for the time being Obama’s popularity had got boost from 45% in November to 50% in December.
Next two years are crucial and deciding factors for Obama’s popularity. Possibility of his winning for second term as President depends (mainly on improvement in economy, particularly factors like unemployment which has been the highest ever 10 percent and if self employed are added to 20 percent as explained above and the second factor of fall of GDP from 4% to 2%, below the annual increase in population.) Besides the problem of health services and federal debt increase.
US economy as well as Obama’s popularity may get some boost if USA finally and fully withdraws its troops from Afghanistan and Iraq by the end of 2011. But if withdrawal from Afghanistan leads to down-fall of Karzai government and control of Afghanistan, as never before, by Talibans, America and Obama will lose their stature in the eyes of the world, particularly before the NATO countries who sent their soldiers to fight against Talibans and suffered economically and politically in their own countries. Similarly in Iraq US and NATO withdrawal will mean continuous unrest and suicide bombing. Pakistan is already in turmoil because of American intervention and Drove bombing and is facing dismemberment and may become breeding ground of terrorists, which may endanger America and even neighbouring India’s security. On 4th of Feb 2011 America even hinted of breaking diplomatic relation with Pakistan. What more can be worse for Obama and USA?
Words Yog and Yogi occur in Ancient Hindu books Vedas which describe mainly the spiritual features or aspects of yog relating to mind, its concentration on banishing from mind and thoughts, relating to selfishness, greed and going astray from the right path laid down in Vedas. Those who practiced by concentration such good thoughts and never thought of doing harm to anyone, were called Yogis and women as Yognis. Ancient Yogis bothered nothing or little about physical exercise but concentrated on pacifying the soul, not much concerned with their physical fitness of body. When a person gains the spiritual purification of the soul, he attains what they call Moksha that is release from the cycle of rebirth in which Hindu religions and Hindus believed in ancient times and majority of Hindus believe today. Even Lord Krishna referred to spiritual aspects of Yoga in Bhagvad Gita.
In modern times “Yog” is referred to as yoga and is much more concerned with physical aspects and exercises to keep body fit. It is understandable because modern world does not believe much in philosophy of transmigration of soul and many lives after death of the body as the soul does not die. Moreover as yoga was to be made popular in the world, besides India, concentration on physical exercises, which Europeans and American consider more important, became popular. Modern Yoga, as propagated by Swami Ramdev, who has been travelling, not only in urban areas all over India, but in Europe and America, has been very popular. Thousands of people in Europe and USA have attended his Yogic discourse and exercises. While millions of Indians in urban areas have done so and many million watch the exercises on T.V. and listen to his discourse, though emphasizing both spiritual aspects of yoga and much more on physical aspects as demonstrated by Swami Ramdev and also explained and illustrated in his books on yoga. There are no longer many ‘yogis’ or ‘yognis’ in India and not at all or very insignificant in USA.
Why people all over the world are following modern yoga that concentrates 75% on physical exercise and physical fitness? Because modern yoga specifies, particular yogic exercise, as taught by a yogi or guru like Namdev or specified in yoga books by Namdev and other yogis like Sri Sri’, for a particular disease. It is claimed by modern yogis that such exercises cures disease like Obesity, diabetics, dislocation of disc, respiratory problems, arthritis of various types and various spine problems, high blood pressure besides stress and even cholesterol problems and heart diseases. Infact for all types of diseases Yogic exercises have a remedy. This stress on modern physical exercise method of yoga demonstrated by yogis like Ramdev is making yoga more popular all over the world.
Yogic exercises are becoming so popular and universal that parents who have learnt yogic exercises are motivating and even teaching their young school going children some exercises to make them conscious about their health. It is also observed from the live discourses of Swami Ramdev that many old persons so called senior citizens are meticulously learning and performing some exercise, said to be or explained by yogi hoping that these exercises will make them feel free from disease. Accordingly in modern times i.e. 21st century, there are few individual yogis concerned with their own effort to attain Moksha but million time more learners of yogic exercises to remain fit and also to cure some diseases if possible, without going to doctor or hospital.
Egyptian Civilization is the most antique civilization of the world. Pyramids of Egypt were built more than 5000 years back and are still intact without any damage to massive stone structures. These were built as tombs of the ancient rulers of Egypt. Ancient Egypt had unique culture, very comprehensive, like architects, engineers but even literary persons. Egypt of ancient times had a language of its own called papyrus and had also invented ink like material from plants called papyrus. Ancient Egyptians had developed a national government as well as religion of their own believing in life after death. Thousands of tourists visit Egypt every year to have a glimpse of the greatest marvels of the world.
In medieval times Egypt became a Muslim country and was part of Otoman Empire led by Turkish caliphate. But after prolonged crusades between Christians and Muslims all over the Europe and North Africa, which went on for centuries Christians defeated Muslims. Even Turkey ceased to be head of Muslims of the Arab and European world of the time. Spain and Eastern European countries eased to follow Islam. By the end of World War I to save its identity as an independent country Turkey ceased to believe in orthodox or fundamentalist Islam. Kamal Atakurk went to the extent of banning Burqa by Muslim women. Thereafter, Muslim countries of North Africa like Algeria and Egypt became French and British colonies and remained so till the end of Second World War when both France and England lost supremacy.
After British withdrawal Egypt and Sudan both became independent countries and Sudan was no longer Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Though Egypt after independence became a republic but was ruled first by Gamal Abdul Nasser and then by the present ruler Hosni Mubarak. Hosni Mubarak had been President of Egypt for 30 years and is still reluctant to step down inspite of 15 days revolt like agitation and protests by upto 1 million citizen of Egypt in the main Tahir Square of Cairo besides in many other small and big towns of Egypt. Demonstration by 1 million protestors in one day in Cairo is significant as it seems that never before and never in any country of the world 1 million people, including women and children have come out and stayed for whole day to mark unprecedented protest or demonstration.
As a result all the opposition rather all the population of Egypt have got united against present regime of Hosni Mubarak demanding his ouster. Even Muslim Brotherhood, an organization which had been banned for 57 years has come forward, though the ban has not yet been lifted, and its leaders are taking or leading negotiations with Mubarak’s deputies for a so called compromise with modification of present constitution and other democratic provisions.
It is well known that all leaders who become head of states by election or otherwise though coup and remain in that position became dictators. They also misuse their power to have associates of their choice who dare not object to what the boss or dictator is doing, in political or economic matters. Thus Hosni Mubarak in 30 years of his dictatorial rule has deposited money in foreign banks and built mansions in his country and abroad. It is estimated that Hosni Mubarak has property and assets around 80 billion US dollars. He has prime property not only in Cairo but also in Manhattan in USA and in London and billions of dollars in Swiss banks and in London, in Bank of England.
Agitation in Egypt and continuous protests, bordering revolt, against present regime and against Hosni Mubarak are having world wide repercussions and particularly in Arab world, adjoining countries in North Africa and Middle East. Recent ouster of Tunisia’s dictator Ben Ali after he had remained in power for 23 years is a glaring example before Egyptian people as well as other Arab countries where a sort of dictatorship prevails-whether it is Jordan, Algeria, Libya, Sudan, Yemen or any other Arab country or even any other country of the world or where there is some sort of autocratic rule whether by a king or elected ruler. When Tunisian dictator can be ousted by revolt like agitation why not Hosni Mubarak who has been more or equally corrupt and had been a dictator for 30 years and is thinking of making his son Gamal as his successor, as if Egypt is Mubarak’s kingdom and he has divine right to rule till his death?
On 8th Feb despite announcement by Vice President Omar Suleman on state T.V. that too, after 15 days of agitation when more than 300 citizens of Egypt were killed by police firing, protests became more intense and widespread with new protestors and learned senior citizens joining for the first time. Ataf Naged, who was a member of Board of Directors of National bank of Egypt (while rejecting and laughing over the Vice President’s declaration about new provisions in the constitution also promising that no reprisals against leaders of protesters.) said that nothing short of Hosni Mubarak stepping down will be accepted. In his words “I am here for the first time today because the cabinet is a failure. Mubarak is still meeting the same ugly faces.” Protests against the government and Mubarak have entered third week, with no respite, by millions of Egyptians in Tahir square alone. Though the 82 year old President Hosni Mubarak is adamant and even stubborn, there seems to be no end to crises in Egypt till Mubarak steps down voluntarily or is compelled to do so.
Visit of Indonesian President Yodhogono to India – Relations between Indian and Indonesia from Ancient Times to Today
Indonesian President Susilo Bombang Yodhogono paid a historic visit to India which is marked by signing of 18 bilateral trade and economic agreements, amounting to 12 billion dollars to be extended further to 25 billion dollars i.e. more that 1 lakh crores of rupees. Indonesian President was the chief guest at Republic day, on 26 January 2011, the most important day of the year as considered and celebrated by people and government of India. He was welcomed and given honour by both the President and the Prime Minister of India befitting a foreign dignitary. It is President Yodhogono’s second visit to India. He had visited India in 2005 and initiated close relations with India.
India’s cultural contacts with Indonesia are from ancient times i.e. thousands of years old. It has been established by archeologists and historians that around 900 AD, more than 1100 years back, famous Shiva temple along with many other Hindu temples were built in Pramburan, Java around 900 AD. These temples are fully intact and are worshipped to this day particularly by Hindus of Bali region of Indonesia. Being ancient and historic monuments these temples are visited every year by thousands of foreigners from all over the world. Similarly Buddhist temples at Borobudur in Java built around the same period in 900 AD showing equally impact of Hinduism and Buddhism as inhabitants of Indonesia in ancient times. These Buddhist temples are also visited by all foreigners just as Hindu temples.
Hindu Kingdom existed in Indonesian around 700 AD which was called Mataram as was established by a ruler named Sanjiya in central Java. The names of the king and his kingdom as well as the name of Buddhist dynasty called Shalindra are typical Hindu names which are prevalent in India to this day. It is also apparent that the very name of the country, Indonesia, is a combination of India and Asia. Further national language of Indonesia is called Bhasha Indonesia. Bhasha is Hindi word which is most spoken and used in India even today. Even the name of the President of Indonesia, Susilo Yodhogona is close to Indian names of Sushila and name of brave man yodha. Indonesia’s currency is Rupiah just as the name of Indian currency Rupiah, or Rupee as now.
During 1300 AD, when in north Samatra a ruler had adopted Muslim religion along with his subjects, as recorded by Ibin Batuta who visited Indonesia in 1345, Islam started spreading in Indonesia, as elsewhere in India and parts of Asia. In couple of centuries almost entire Indonesia became predominantly Muslim. But Hindu and Buddhist influence continued. Accordingly no Hindu or Buddhist temple was destroyed.
When Dutch and Spanish adventurers in search of India reached America they called it West Indies, thinking that they, Vasco de Gama and others had reached West of India. In 1641, Dutch East India Company established itself in parts of Indonesia and in due course almost entire Indonesia was ruled by Dutch till the end of II World War. When in 1950 Indonesia gained independence after 3 years of struggle. After three years Soekarno became President of Indonesia and remained so till 1988 i.e. for more than 20 years. He was the first President of Indonesia to visit India, and that too, on 26th January 1950.
Above is, in brief, history of Indonesia from ancient times to present day and description of close ties of Indonesia with India. After Republic day celebrations, 11 agreements were signed by both countries at government level, dealing with economic, social, political and industrial subjects. Particularly to increase in air travel between two countries and also extradition treaty and mutual legal assistance and security to tourists and travelers between two countries. Indonesia has abundant natural resources like high quality coal and natural gas. While India is known worldwide for its efficient engineers and technocrats. Thus both countries will be benefitted, India by importing high quality coal and oil, which India needs, for development of its industries and power while Indonesia will benefit a lot with the help of Indian engineers and technocrats in becoming a modern state on the road to development. Besides government to government agreements, there have been agreement with private companies like Tata Power Company Ltd and Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd and some other private companies. Both countries and their leaders have agreed to have more frequent exchange of visits between delegations of trade and business as well as at political level, so that relations between India and Indonesia lead to rise in the trade and productivity of both the countries. Already India is second biggest investor in Indonesia. In due course, as is expected India will be the biggest economic world power with annual growth, as expected, over 11 to 12 percent GDP and Indonesia with Indian collaboration will be the biggest economic power in South East Asia.
India has been helping Indonesia directly or indirectly since its freedom and even its freedom struggle it helped Soekarno against the Portuguese. Indonesia had long standing problem with East Timor, which is the only part of Indonesia with significant even majority Christian population. There have been frequent riots between Muslims and Christians. Ultimately Indonesia approached through UN, India to send some office who would be able to handle this problem and solve it once for all. UN requested Indian government to depute H.P.Singh a competent Police officer who had been earlier deputed by UN in 1992 to Mozambique and was a great success. Thus H P Singh IG Police of West Bengal was deputed in early 2007 originally for three months but at UN request his deputation was extended periodically and constantly for a year or little more till The East Timor problem was solved and there was lasting peace. As East Timor problem was solved with the hard work, intelligence and devotion of H P Singh, he was called at UN Headquarter to tell the other UN personal as to how he had solved this problem which existed for 30 years or more. Indonesia was also grateful to UN and India for the permanent solution of East Timor problem. India is prepared to help Indonesia in all spheres as outlined in the 11 agreements signed between the two governments.
Congress, which is the majority party in UPA, started declining after Indira Gandhi imposed emergency in 1975. Prior to that Congress used to be in absolute majority in all elections from 1947 onwards. Before 1975 even BJP was almost nonexistent. It was Narsimha Rao who formed the first coalition government through purchase of MP’s like Paswan with more than Rs 50 lakh each. This led to rise of BJP as an alternate party and with Vajpayee as PM it ruled for a full term of 5 years.
After the defeat of BJP in 2004 and unexpected end of BJP government, Congress (I) came into power with the participation of a number of minor political parties like DMK. Sonia Gandhi became UPA head and Manmohan Singh a non-political economist became the Prime Minister of greatest democracy. During 2004 to 2009, UPA started to rise both in the minds of people and politically, so India became so important that other Countries, particularly USA, sought its friendship. What were the achievement of UPA I that it continued to rise during its first full term? Also what were the causes of its mistakes and blunders that it started declining during last two years from 2009 to 2010 and its continuous decline during 2011?
From 2004 to 2009 due to good government, there was progress in economic sphere as well as in external affairs. GDP which virtually remained static during Nehru era because Nehru followed so-called socialistic pattern and virtually banned private enterprises. GDP under UPA I started rising and rose steadily under Narsimha Rao who had inducted Dr Manmohan Singh an economist from World Bank as Finance Minister who introduced mixed economy encouraging private enterprise. Under UPA I with Manmohan Singh as PM GDP had gone up to 8 to 10 percent. Similarly under UPA I India strengthened relations with USA and other so called capitalist countries. Now India was shining as never before.
Because of corruption as symbolized by A Raja, communication minister who made the country suffer a loss of Rs 1,70,000 crores, corruption spread widely in Central Government and State Government all over India and even in Judiciary like an infectious disease. It went on infecting districts and even panchayats became central government, knowingly that A Raja was corruption personified, government at centre did not act or do anything to control it because of political reasons. DMK chief and Chief Minister of Tamilnadu would not like to hear a word against its nominee, minister A Raja and remained adamant on this point for more than 3 months till corrupt practices of A Raja came to light because of disclosure of Nira Radia tapes. Why so? Because UPA II feared fall of its government if DMK withdraw its support even though AIADMK chief came to Delhi and addressed media that if DMK leaves, AIADMK with its support and some MP’s support will not let the UPA II government fall.
Till A Raja was ultimately forced to resign by DMK, government, PM in particular, had continued to support A Raja. Till then Congress and UPA its chief and PM were humiliated as never before when Radia tapes and dozens of her telephones disclosed names of senior politicians, bureaucrats and even journalists, guilty of corruption.
In addition to corruption of A Raja, UPA II suffered a setback because of corruption and mismanagement in CWG particularly by its OC Kalmadi, who is a congress MP. Even after six months or more he has not been convicted though his two juniors were taken into custody and later released.
Corruption in construction and allotment of flats in Adarsh Building, which was originally meant for martyrs of Kargil War but was allowed to be allotted to ministers, bureaucrats and Senior Defense personal. Though Maharashtra C.M. was forced to resign but no conviction has taken place for so many tainted eminent persons as most of them are part of congress government of Maharashtra as that would further tarnish reputation of congress and UPA II. Kapil Sibal has tried to dilute 2G scam but S.C. has asked new telecom minister Sibal to deal with telecom spectrum “with some sense of responsibility”
On the direction of Central Government, C.M. of Jammu and Kashmir did not allow hoisting of India’s national flag ‘Tiranga’ by BJP activists in Lalchowk. It would be recalled that in 1952 Tricolor was hoisted in the same Lalchowk of Srinagar by PM Nehru and Omar’s Abdulla grandfather Sheik Abdullah. Not only that both the eminent leaders of BJP Sushma Swaraj, leader of opposition in Lok Sabha, leader of opposition in Rajya Sabha were first deported to Punjab, outside J&K and then arrested. However they succeeded in hoisting the Tiranga in Jammu. It would have been better for central government and BJP to negotiate to find a peaceful solution to hoisting of National flag. As Sushma Swaraj said, it is the first time, after emergency imposed by Indira Gandhi, when all the opposition leaders were under arrest, the opposition leaders were arrested by Sonia Gandhi- Manmohan Singh congress government of UPA II.
There does not seem any end to decline of UPA II. There are strictures by Supreme Court on the appointment of tainted P J Thomas as Chief Vigilance Commissioner (CVC). Sushma Swaraj had objected to his appointment because he was facing criminal charges. But her objection was ignored by Manmohan Singh, the PM. Despite SC stricture on Thomas and government. Thomas is not willing to quit to save government from further embarrassment.
Latest charge against UPA II is that it is not disclosing the names of those who had looted India rather Indian poor, of about 500 billion dollars i.e. more than Rs 22 lakh crore in Swiss and German Banks. How long UPA II will keep mum and conceal their names as most of them are politicians and big businessmen, obviously many congress big guns and business giants associated with congress and UPA II? Why, because UPA II fears that all the matters relating to corruption, opposition to holding JPC, Radia tapes, appointment of tainted Thomas as CVC, Adarsh scam and determination of BJP for JPC may lead to fall of UPA II and mid-term elections?