H C Singh

UPA II- No JPC, After Dismissal of Raja, Dismissal of Thomas

It was to defend the then Telecom Minister A Raja who was and has been proved, as he is already in jail, that he was corruption personified. UPA II resisted the appointment of JPC in 2G for such a long that entire winter session of Parliament was lost. UPA II and in particular Congress was more concerned to save A Raja and not to displease Karunanidhi’s DMK, so that alliance with DMK remains intact, than to save the winter session of Parliament and avoid wastage of hundreds of crores of rupees and loss of their own prestige in the eyes of public and media. When A Raja’s corruption was exposed fully by our vigilant media Karunanidhi, not so much to save UPA II but to save his own and DMK’s prestige, agreed to dismissal of Raja. Accordingly, no JPC at any cost came to end UPA II prestige, as well as PM’s who had defended Raja, came down.

UPA II, opposition BJP and Communist and the entire nation heaved a sign of relief as Budget session of Parliament was not to be boycotted but would function as usual. In no time JCP was formed and shortly it started functioning without any hitech. Thanks, ultimately to both UPA II and opposition parties for saving the prestige of Parliament as well as of the greatest democracy of the world- our India.

Just as UPA resisted, for no valid reason dismissal of corrupt spectrum Raja, is has ignored Sushma Swaraj, leader of the opposition in Lok Sabha, pointing out criminal charges against A Thomas in the case of import of Palmoline oil. UPA II just noted her abjection to appointment of Thomas, a tainted politician of Kerala as Chief vigilance officer CVC of government of India. It is stated that appointment of Thomas as CVC was insisted by Home minister Chidambram. Manmohan Singh, being the weakest PM, as pointed out by BJP chief Advani, bowed down. It is also said that A Thomas was appointed CVC mainly to save most corrupt minister in UPA government, A Raja.

As is well known, CVC is custodian and guardian of vigilance against unfair practices and corruption all over India, whether it is by ministers, civil servants politicians. Despite resistance by UPA II, appointment of a tainted Politian with criminal record in Kerala, where he was minister long back matter was referred to the Supreme Court of India, which delivered its long awaited judgment on 3rd march 2011, which is a landmark in India’s judicial and political history, recommending dismissal of A Thomas CVC. Honourable Supreme Court made detailed recommendations which questioned his very appointment as CVC. S.C indicted the government for appointing a person against whom criminal charge is pending. It directed the government to take prompt action against CVC Thomas, adding personal integrity is secondary to institutional integrity, especially “when the institution is anti- corruption watchdog.” SC verdict brought shame to the national government of India (UPA II). It was also a big blow to PM Manmohan Singh and Home Minister P Chidambran. Thus within an hour or two, to save honour, government dismissed Thomas. Such a verdict by Honourable Supreme Court is rarest possible and equally rare is such a prompt action by government, on the direction SC.

Still worse indictment of government is on the black money in thousands of crores amassed by to Hassan Ali and kept in foreign banks. It is not known whether SC of India has ever used such strong words; “what the hell is going on in this country”. Commenting on the delay of lethargic investigation against Hassan Ali the Honourable Supreme Court indicted the investigation agency: “we are deeply disturbed by the ongoing investigation. This is not a normal investigation. Is it like a friendly chat.”

It is hoped that Sonia Gandhi- Manmohan Singh government will follow the directions of SC and will never shield corrupt ministers like A Raja, appoint criminals like Thomas as CVC and defend or look to other side in cases like that of Hassan Ali who have deposited thousands of crores of India’s money in foreign banks, instead, promptly chargesheet them and punish them.

March 5, 2011 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Origin of Flag in Ancient Times and India’s National Flag – Its History in Brief

 It is now well established historically that flag originated in ancient India more than 5000 years ago and was called Dhvaja. In the Rig Veda which world over is regarded as oldest book (4000-5000 BC) there is mention of Dhvaja hoisted on an elephant being ridden by Devraj Indra. It is only in 12th century BC that in China Chau dynasty used a flag, and that too, a white. Flag mentioned in Rig Veda was triangular of black colour and had some inscription in white. Use of flag came into vogue all over the world after 600 BC. Besides India and China, flag became a symbol of monarch in Egypt and middle eastern countries besides India and China. In war times all the nations of importance during and after 600 BC started having flags with distinct emblems. Thus Greeks Turkish Persians and Romans had their own flags. Even Prophet Muhammad adopted a flag for his army- a black flag as black was considered colour of vengeance. Flags of Muslim countries, almost all, had black colour flags with crescent and one or more stars. The Roman and European flags were of tricolours with different emblems. By 13th and 14th century AD most of European countries adopted cross as known symbol of Christianity.

Latest development in flags was the meeting in 1864 held in Geneva of 12 known countries representatives and decided to have Red cross as symbol of ambulance. However India and China, oldest countries with flags were ignored because India was dominated and conquered by Muslims and then by British and Portuguese then predominant countries having control of seas Maharashtra under Shivaji and Sikhs under Ranjit Singh were first indigenous Indian sovereign in parts of India to hoist Indian flags in their Kingdoms in parts of Maharashtra and Punjab. Rajput rulers also used flag as symbol of royalty.

Epic religious books Ramayan and Mahabharata of Hindus and of entire India also parts of Asia, refer to use of flags. During war against Lanka, Lord Rama’s warriors had distinct flag of crimson colour with motif of three leaves of an Indian tree then known as ‘sham vriksha’ but some scholars state that it had figure of Lord Surya, their family deity. On the other side Ravana’s flag showed human skull (Kapala).State flag Dhvaja was often used as a decorative device in royal ceremonies of Ancient India.

 Indian “ national” flag was hoisted first in Calcutta on August 7, 1906 by Sir Surindranath Banerjee demanding freedom for India from British rule.

But in August 22, 1927 Madam Cama, an Indian Parsi lady who had embroidered herself the same tricolour of India of green, saffron and red with 8 lotus flowers at the top, Vande Mataram in the middle and in the red portion below there was crescent on one side and sun on the other. Madam Bhikaji Cama had gone to Stuttgart Germany to attend International Socialist Congress where thousands of delegates from all over the world had come. Madam Cama in her eloquent speech demanded Indias Independence. At the close of her fiery speech she unfurled the flag saying “This is the flag of Indian Independence.”

On August 5, 1931, report of the National Flag Committee was presented. The Flag committee which had a dozen members including Jawaharlal Nehru and Maulana Azad was presided over by Sardar Patel. It was of the same three colours but instead of Vande Mataram in the centre, it was Charkha or spinning wheel. Gandhiji welcomed the flag and praised it saying “It will be defended with our live. If we will die for the flag, let us learn to live for the flag. The Congress working committee while adopting the flag declared August 30 as Flag-day, to be celebrated by hoisting the flag throughout India. Thus flag of Indian National Congress continued to be national flag till August 1947. In 1941 Netaji Subhash Chnadra Bose hoisted the tricolour but instead of spinning whole, charkha, a tiger in the center to make Indian National Army (INA) fearless and valiant who laid down their lives for India’s freedom form British 6 years before India’s independence.

As Independence Day was approaching, it was imperative to finalize the National Flag which will be hoisted on 15th August 1947. Accordingly Flag committee was constituted on June 23, 1947 under Chairmanship of Dr Rajendra Prasad, Chairman of Constituent Assembly was, which included, besides the Chairman, Abdul Kalam Azad, K M Panikar, Sarojini Naidu, C Rajgopalachari, K M Munshi and B R Ambedkar. The only change recommended on July 14, 1947 by Flag Committee of Constituent Assembly was “The emblem of the flag should be exact reproduction of the wheel as on the capital of Ashoka’s Sarnath Pillar, super imposed in the middle of the central white band.” On July 22, 1947 Jawaharlal Nehru presented a sample of the tricolour for adoption as National Flag. Sarojini Naidu said under this flag there is no difference between a prince or a peasant, between the rich and the poor, between man and woman. Dr. S Radha Krishna’s remarks as clarification on colours of the tricolour are most significant; ‘Bhagwa or the saffron colour denotes renunciation or disinterestedness. The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct. The green shows our relation to the soil, our relation to the plant life here on which all other life depends. The Ashoka wheel in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of Dharma, truth or satya, Dharma or virtue ought to be controlling principles of all those work under this flag.’

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who was interim Prime Minister of India before Independence, while accepting the national flag as approved by Constituent Assembly of India clarified: some people having misunderstood the significance, have thought of it in communal terms and believe that some part of it represents this community or that. But I may say so, that when the flag was devised there was no communal significance attached to it.

Independence Day, 15th August 1947, is the most significant day in India’s history, since ambiguity, when India became one nation, despite partition, with one National Flag. National Flag was hoisted at 10:30 AM by Pandit Nehru and Union Jack, symbol of British colonization of India, was lowered by none other than the British Governor general of India Lord Mountbatten himself. While Jawaharlal Nehru P.M Dr Rajendra Prasad, Chairman of Constituent Assembly, and all Indians were jubilant, Mountbatten was emotionally depressed. National Flag was hoisted after lowering Union Jack on the flag most of Constituent Assembly (now Parliament House) and two National Flags each on North and South blocks (Secretariat).

March 5, 2011 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , | Leave a comment

Libya- Curse of Dictatorship- Whether Communist, Military, Hereditary or Democratic

 

First Egypt now Libya- It is curse of dictatorship

 Up to 19th century’s end almost all over the world there was hereditary ruler ship whether Hindu, Muslim or Christian. It was only in 20th century that democracy or peoples rule came into existence. The only exception was USA where democracy got roots, grew up in 18th century and flowered in 19th century. As a result in USA aboriginals and imported Africans who were treated like slaves got steadily human and democratic rights of equality with the white rulers. As a happy consequence Mr. Obama was elected first black President. In UK, too, though there was and is even today hereditary monarchy but slowly and steadily British monarchy lost all powers to people. But UK, unlike USA continued to be imperialist colonizer till the end of Second World War when India got independence in 1947 and other British colonies, too, fought for and got independence. But autocratic hereditary dictatorship of Kings and so called royal families like Saudi Arabia and most of the Arab countries continues till today.

In 20th century , so called democratic dictatorship was in USSR from 1914 onwards. German, Italian and Japanese dictatorships flourished after the First World War. In Czarist Russia there was absolute dictatorship which was overthrown by the communist followers of Karl Marx after heroic struggle. Under Lenin it was dictatorship of the proletariat i.e. of the workers but not of one person. It transformed the social and political structure of Czarist Russia and its colonies into communist democratic USSR in which all the colonies of Czar in Eastern Europe, Asia and part of Arabia got though not freedom, but substantial equality. But Stalin though was instrumental in winning Second World War by crushing Hitler’s Germany, changed communist dictatorship of USSR into personal dictatorship and became a curse. Accordingly USSR disintegrated in 1989. It was a triumph of modern democracy and first defeat of communist democracy cum dictatorship. It was once again Russia, not Czarist, but like a western democracy. Most of the Czarist Muslim colonies and east European (communist) countries got independence.

Now about the curse of Arab military hereditary or so called democratic dictatorships. Protests in Arab world against dictatorship started about three month back in a small country Tunisia in North Africa on Mediterranean coast, between Libya and Algeria. The success in Tunisia encouraged, practically younger generation to rise against dictatorship, first in Egypt then in Libya. First major casualty was Egypt where 82 years old Hosine Mubarak dictator for 30 years had to accept defeat after resisting peoples uprising for 3 weeks when more than 500 determined agitators in Egypt Tahrir square got killed and thousands were wounded. This can be considered first victory of people in Arab countries against dictatorship. It is yet to be seen whether real democracy takes roots in Egypt after the election scheduled later this year.

Now another Arab Muslim country Libya is burning. Gaddafi dictator for more than 40 years is so far adamant and says like Hitler he would die than surrender. More than 6000 citizens of Libya have perished. It is yet to be seen how long Gaddafi resists and how many people lay down their lives. Though ultimately he will have to go, live or dead.

Amongst Muslim countries except Turkey and Indonesia, which are democratic, there is revolt in various stages against dictatorship of autocratic rulers from Algeria in Africa to Iran in Asia US and UN Security Council have already slapped sanctions against Gaddafi family’s assets and even of Libyan high-up’s. UK has followed suit. Libyan ambassador in UN, after the unanimous resolution of UN against Gaddafi and Libya virtually wept and was seen wiping his tears. But Gaddafi still seems adamant. After Egypt, all dictatorship in Arab countries are worried that it may be any of them to face a revolt or revolution like that of Egypt and Libya.

Equally worried or much more worried is Israel, which is a very small Jewish country, implanted in Arab world and is encircled by big Muslim countries. It is quite natural because Israel is occupying for the last 30 years or more West Bank as well as Galan Heights. To save itself, it is high time that Israel amends its ways and instead of being aggressive tries its best to improve relations with neighboring Muslim Countries and vacates forcibly occupied Golan Heights and West Banks. Egypt’s and Libya’s uprising is also a warning to Pakistan against allowing once again a dictator to rule.

Pro-Gaddafi army has moved into eastern Libya so as to occupy the oil refinery there which is one of the biggest oil refinery in the Arab land. Thus Gaddafi has not learnt lesson from Egypt’s Hoisni Mubarak who was responsible for the death of 400 to 500 protestors while Gaddafi has been already guilty of killing though his puppet army units more than 6000 and many more. In addition, every day lakhs of Libian citizens are crossing over to neighbouring country Tunisia and now even to Egypt. If Gaddafi is determined to die like Hitler instead of stepping down, he should remember that Hitler got killed 6 million German Jews in gas chambers. How many thousands or lakhs Libian Muslim citizens he would see dead before he dies?

March 5, 2011 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , | 1 Comment