H C Singh

Ayodhya Verdict Review and Solution

When the Ayodhya Verdict was announced by Allahabad High Court all political parties and all Hindus and Muslims heaved a sign of relief, expressing satisfaction over a long awaited verdict. The verdict was balanced and not one-sided. Even the governments of UP and Delhi, in particular and Central government, too, which were fearing unrest after H.C Verdict had deployed thousands of security Personnel to maintain peace. Before the announcement of historic verdict BJP and its allies feared that verdict might be completely in favour of Muslims allotting whole of Babri Mashid complex to them. On the other hand Muslims particularly Sunis too, feared that verdict may be fully in favour of Hindus. But High Court seemed to be just to both Hindus and Muslims.

Learned judges of Allahabad High Court in their just verdict had divided Babri Masjid complex of 60 acres of land in three parts, giving two parts of Ram temple and Sita Rasoi to Hindus and third part where part of Babri Masjid stood to Muslims. With the passage of time both Hindus and Muslims decided to go to Supreme Court in appeal for improving the HC award in their favour. It must be mentioned that two judges of High Court out of there viz, Honourable judges Aggarwal and Khan gave majority Judgment that created history because one of the two judges was a Hindu and other Muslim. While the third judge of HC, Mr Sharma went too far in favour of Hindus, so his views have been ignored by both Hindus and Muslims.

P.C. Chidambaram, Home Minister, belonging to Congress Party in UPA, has announced that the verdict of Allahabad High Court has not approved demolition of Babri Masjid. But the Congress is worried because after the demolition of Babri Masjid in 1992, Congress lost to BJP, it fears that if it opposes, in any manner the verdict of Allahabad High Court, it may lose power to BJP in 2012 general elections. So congress is in dilemma. It cannot afford to favour Muslims and it cannot dare appose the verdict or demand is dilution in favour of Muslims. Both Hindus and Muslims are thinking of appealing to Supreme Court. Till then there would be calm and peace as there has been after HC verdict and even for ever. Both Hindus and Muslims and the whole of country should be grateful to two learned judges of Allahabad High Court who gave a verdict of peace and harmony between both Hindus and Muslims and in India. Hope peace and harmony is further highlighted by the following statement by learned secular minded Islamic Scholar Maulana Vahidudin Khan- “Either leave it to the government to implement the court verdict or agree to the relocation of Babri Mosque. There is in reality no third option”. This appears to be the best solution for Muslims to be allotted free of cost land equal to the existing Babri Masjid as well as with reasonable amount for construction. Hindus would be very happy to get the entire Babri Masjid complex for building Ram temple that could be one of the best temples in whole of India, though they, too, like Muslims are thinking of appealing to Supreme Court so that they are not left behind and to demonstrate to the entire Hindu Community that they want the entire Babri Masjid complex to build a befitting Ram Temple.

On 16th Oct both Muslim and Hindu organization decided to appeal to the Supreme Court. First came the decision of All India Muslim Personal Lal Board (AIMPB) to challenge the Allahabad High Court verdict after their special meeting. AQ illyssi its spokesman said after the meeting that “we are only claiming our property back. A mosque cannot be gifted, shifted and sold.” Nirmohi Akhara counsel retaliated in a few moments on the same day: Akhara wants the management rights of the temple and the entire Babri Masjid courtyard in its possession. Earlier Gagan Das head of the Akhara and Hashim Ansari, the original plaintiff had been negotiating a peaceful settlement. But when the Sunni Muslim dominated AIMPB took hardliner’s view, Akhara Mahant Bhaskaran, too, decided to appeal to the Supreme Court defending his decision strongly: Going to Supreme Court is our compulsion now as Sunni Board has already decided on it. Thus on both sides hardliners have had the way over moderates, atleast for the time being. Still it is heartening to note that both sides are willing to negotiate. Now both the parties and the nation has to wait patiently of the decision of Supreme Court which may take months as SC may call for the ASI (Archeological Survey of India) report which is already with HC.

October 19, 2010 Posted by | Hinduism, India, Indian History, Muslims | , , , , | Leave a comment

Dalits in India – Search for Common Destiny by Sukhdeo Thorat: Brief Review and Comments

 First of all, it does not seem proper to call schedule castes as Dalits, particularly to title the book – ‘Dalits in India’. No doubt that in accordance with Hindu caste system there are about 30 percent Shudras or Dalits but Gandhiji called them Harijans i.e children of god and even the British under 1935 Act referred to them as Scheduled Castes ie, castes in a schedule. Since then they have not been called officially and academically Shudras or Dalits. Subtitle – Search for a common Destiny is really commendable.

No doubt the author of the Book Shri Sukhdeo Thorat has done lot of research on the subject collecting information on the conditions of SC’s since independence. There are dozens of tables about their progress and improvement in their conditions. It shows clearly that none of the governments at centre during last 63 years has done enough to improve their lot significantly as was required in the 1950 constitution of Free India which granted reservations for 15 years in the hope that by 1965 their will be no need for reservations for them as they would be equal to higher castes, having overall better living conditions by way of providing proper facilities for their education, employment, wages, housing. Various government did not bother to examine the important provision in the constitution and implement these as pointed out below. Part III of the constitution of 1950, specified Fundamental Rights of all citizens, after abolishing untouchability once for all as per Article 17 of the constitution and its violation punishable in accordance with law. Part III of the constitution further spelled out right to equality, prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, caste, sex or place of birth and ordained that there will be equality of opportunity in matter of public employment for all citizens to any office under the state. In addition it provided freedom of speech, expression, peaceful assembly and movement of citizens of India in any territory and to settle any where in India in any state and to settle anywhere in India.

Article 46 of part IV of the Directive Principles of State specifies that the state shall promote educational and economic interests of the weaker section of the society, particularly of the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and protect then form exploitation. Article 330 of the constitution provides for reservation of seats for SC’s and ST’s in the House of People (Lok Sabha). Similar provision was made in Article 332 for reservation of SC’s and ST’s in the legislatures of the states, in proportion, as far as possible, to the population of SC’s and ST’s in the state.

Finally in the interest of scheduled castes and Tribes. Article 338 of the constitution provides for setting up National commission for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, specially to investigate and monitor all matters relating to safeguards provided for them in the constitution, to evaluate working of safeguards provided in the Constitution.

Besides the provision in the Constitution outlined above for SC’s and ST’s there have been civil rights Act of 1955, The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) ordinance of 1975. Under these rules the state government may appoint an officer not below the rank of Sub-Divisional Magistrate for the purpose of making an inquiry and submit the report of inquiry to the central government for placing before parliament.

In 1989, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Prevention of Atrocities Act was passed providing for courts for such offences relating to atrocities. Offences of atrocities under 1989 Act include causing injury or even insult to any SC or ST by forcibly removing his clothes or to parade him naked. It is also an offence to dump excreta waste matter, carcass or any other obnoxious substance in his premises or neighborhood. There are many other offences causing insult or injury deliberately and details of punishment for such offences, and enhanced punishment for subsequent conviction. Special Courts can impose punishment which will be not less than one year.

So many provisions have been made and so many Acts have been passed even after the coming in force of 1950 Constitution yet it is well known that in many states untouchability still exists and scheduled castes are not even allowed to enter certain temples and thorough fares. They are not allowed to own or build houses in areas where higher caste people live and practice business. There is hardly any punishment or enforcement of these penal provisions in these areas. Even the employment of manual scavengers and construction of day latrines have been prohibited by 1993 Act but these continue to exist all over India, particularly in rural areas and J.J colonies in the cities and poor day labourers settlements in urban areas.

To sum it up, historically SC’s have not been allowed to own agricultural land. Inspite of many provisions in the constitution and other Acts, there is high incidence of landlessness among SC’s. The best course, as suggested by Sukhdeo Thorat is for the government to create a ‘pool of state level acquired land under ceiling laws and from other public land such as waste land which is free from legal problems’. Land so acquired may be given to landless SC’s. Government may also adopt measures to enforce strictly provisions about quota for jobs both in public and private sectors, education for SC’s in rural areas in particular, and to end atrocities so that they become educated, employed and are fearless and have ‘common destiny’ with other citizens in next 20 years, so that there are no Dalits or SC’s at all, for all times to come.

October 7, 2010 Posted by | Hinduism, India, Political Commentary | , , , , , | Leave a comment

Brief Review of India from Midnight to the Millennium and Beyond – By Shashi Tharoor

This is the most famous and perhaps the best book written by former Asst Secretary General of UN and former cabinet minister of India. As Shashi writes frankly without inhibitions a number of politicians and even writers and intellectuals get agitated. As a result Shashi Tharoor became controversial as a writer as a politician and as an intellectual. Accordingly he had to tender his resignation from the coveted ministership of UPA. Basic facts about India, its past and future, despair and hope are as under:

Most important development from midnight of August 15, 1947 to present day (millennium) is economic development. Under Nehru era because of socialistic pattern of society and state central of industries the economic growth was virtually static. It is only after Narsima Rao included in his cabinet brilliant economist Dr Manmohan Singh who had been in World Bank before coming to India as governor of Reserve Bank and ushered a complete change in economic systems. Economic growth jumped to 5% of GDP to 8.7% and was about to touch 10% of GDP. In Shashi Tharoor’s words country’s dynamic growth, averaging 5.9 percent annually at the cusp of the millennium and rising to 8 percent by 2007 with talk of even 10 percent in the next 5 years and “India’s gross domestic produce is rising so rapidly that it increases each year by amount that exceed the total GDP of Portugal or Norway.” The other significant fact is that “ India’s foreign reserves in 2007 exceed 140 billion dollars enough to cover fifteen months” worth of imports sixteen years ago, the country had to mortgage its gold in London because the foreign exchange were dry”.

Shashi Tharoor is against fundamentalism or communalism, whether it is of Hindus or Muslims. Though Shashi says he is a Hindu and is proud of Hinduism, its thousands of years old culture. In his own words: “I, too, am proud of my Hinduism. I do not want to cede its varieties to fanatics. To discriminate against another, to attack another, to kill another, to destroy another’s place of worship on the basis of his faith is not part of my dharma, as it was not Vivekananda’s. It is time to go back to these fundamentals of Hinduism. It is time to take Hinduism back from fumdamentalists.” Tharoor blames Muslim communalism, under Muslim League before and after independence and the partition of India and partition riots engineered by Muslims first in Bengal and then in Punjab, for the “ Hindu resurgence is the mirror image of Muslim communalism of 1947” Shashi Tharoor elucidates in few words. “Hinduism is a civilization not a dogma”. About bombing by Muslims in Bombay, in particular and elsewhere in India, Tharoor rightly and optimistically says “Bombs alone cannot destroy India, because Indians will pick their way through the rubble and carry on as they have done throughout history.”

Inspite of wide spread corruption all over the country in administration from villages, Tehsils, Districts, Provinces and the central government, inspite of separatist tendencies here and there, inspite of threats by neighbours like China and Pakistan, India will march ahead. In Shashi Tharoor’s words: “Corruption, violence, sectarianism, the criminalization of politics and widespread social tension all mounted during a period when a degree of economic liberalization opened up a new entrepreneurial ferment.” Shashi Tharoor is very optimistic about India’s future and rise in the comity of nations amongst the top 3 or 4 nations despite, at present, about 60 percent people living below poverty line because there is continuous rise in the jobs for all technocrats, doctors, business managers, farmers and even all types of labourers, organized or unorganized. India is definitely going to shine come what may.

 It is apt to conclude with Shashi Tharoor’s own words, “New ideas emerging from new experiences refresh and alter traditional ideas based on old experiences but do not replace them. One does not have to believe in the cynical view of history to accept the upanishdic idea of constant rebirth of the timeless. India is arguably the oldest continuing civilization in the world, one that in essence has throughout remained connected to, and conscious of its own antiquity (whereas Greeks, Egyptians and Persians had to rediscover or reinvent a past from which history had ruptured them). Secularism can only be effective when reconciled with and assimilated into, this continuing civilization” but “ Indian secularism should mean letting every religion flourish rather than privileging one above the rest, while ensuring that tradition of dharma infuses both in public policy and private conduct.”


August 5, 2010 Posted by | Achievers, Biography, Corruption, Hinduism, India, Indian Economy, Political Commentary, Politics | , , , | Leave a comment

Caste-ridden India – That is Bharat

After 60 years of 1950 constitution which abolished untouchability and ordained that reservations for SC and STs’ would be for only 15 years; it was felt that India would make progress in all fields – social, economic and political and India that is our Bharat will become a casteless society. Sardar Patel who was India’s first and best Home Minister had, besides supporting wholeheartedly India becoming a casteless society was opposed to reservations for so-called minorities. When some Muslim leaders had raised the question of reservation for Muslims in parliament Sardar rebuked them that India is a secular country and “those Muslims who want reservations can go to Pakistan”. It was then felt that in 15 years time there will be marked improvement in the living standards, education and employment of SC and STs’. But unfortunately our politicians and political parties did not pay any attention to these fundamental issues and were concerned with being in power or retaining power in politics. In 1964 India’s first PM Nehru died and thereafter there was struggle for Prime Ministership.

Thus in 1965 no politician bothered to think of or do anything for SC and STs’ so that there is marked improvement in their condition in society. It is unfortunate that politicians and political parties who have ruled India for the last 60 years, for political reasons and for political power more and more castes were being included for reservation, in particular the OBC’s. Thus instead of India becoming casteless society, today India is a caste-ridden society, a democracy in name only because democracy’s main features are equality of all citizens, no discrimination of any sort of Caste or Status.

How and why there has been deterioration in social, political and economic spheres during last 60 years? Why India, our Bharat, instead of going forward is going backward? Who are responsible for this reversal?

There are about 2000 castes of OBC’s in central list, though each State has a list of its OBC’s. There are some professions like that of Dhobi (washer man) which are SC’s in States of West Bengal, Bihar, UP and Rajasthan but are included in the list of OBC’s in Maharashtra. How can SC’s and OBC’s be considered one. There can be some other castes, particularly in Tamilnadu which may be SC’s there but OBC’s in other southern States or vice versa. How can OBC’s of all 2000 castes be considered backward when some are big landlords and prosperous businessmen or professionals. For example Badal of Punjab who is Chief Minister and his son Dy.Chief Minister can be OBC’s entitled to concessions. Similarly Hooda and Chautala of Haryana present and former Chief Ministers can come under reserved categories. The case of both Yadavas is similar. They have been ruling one State or other. There are many so-called other backward class (OBC’s) cabinet Ministers and Ministers in many States. There are Jats who are holding high position in Civil services, information technology, professors and principals as well as vice chancellors.

There have been occasionally murders, killing because of ‘Khap’ Panchayet’s objection to marriages in same gotra though same gotra marriages were declared legal in 1945 by Bombay High Court. This judgement is of great significance which has since been ignored though it was much before the codification of Hindu Code Bill. It is unfortunate that to gain political support former Chief Minister of Hariyana, Om Prakash Chautala and Congress MP Jindal are supporting the ‘Khap’ Panchayet’s ideology and actions and even want legal support. If somehow ‘Khap’ Panchayet’s get legal support this will mean, that our judicial system of justice will have no jurisdiction in ‘Khap’ Panchayet’s and thereafter in all Panchayets all over India though gotra politics is medieval : that will take India much more backward.

Latest unfortunate and ill-considered action of UPA-II government is inclusion of caste in 2011 census without bothering about its implications. Central leadership seems to have succumbed to pressure, particularly from two Yadavas, and allies. There are thousands of castes and tens of thousands sub castes. How these will be coordinated into four major castes? Moreover there are millions of citizens who don’t believe in caste system and do not and would not like to mention their caste for the census. There are 18,000 categories of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes listed in 2001 census.

 If India is to be a progressive and modern democracy it take steps, though 45 years late, to end caste system by 2025 so that India is determined to move forward and not backward. If a constitutional amendment is required, just as provision in 1950 Constitution that must be enacted. For this all parties must sink their differences and rise so that India advances like Christian dominated countries where there is no caste system at all. Even Muslim countries who have their problem of Burqa, have no caste system, thus no discrimination, all citizens being equal.

July 2, 2010 Posted by | Corruption, Hinduism, India, Indian History, Muslims, Political Commentary, Politics, Religion | , , , , , | 2 Comments

The Difficulty of Being Good

Eminent Indian writer of English, author of ‘India Unbound’ has brought out in 2009 another masterpiece entitled ‘Difficulty of Being Good’, which is based on the philosophy of dharma as outlined in Mahabharata.

There is no doubt that it is very difficult and sometimes impossible to be good even in modern times because of competition in all spheres, injustice, corruption, favouritism, nepotism, particularly in countries like India where there is no compulsory education, no guarantee of employment, no doles for unemployed and no old age pension. Two basic ideas are ‘envy’ and ‘dharma’ as elucidated by Gurcharan Das after a thorough study of Mahabharata are given below from his book :-

“The Mahabharata tells the story of futile and terrible war of annihilation between the children of two brothers of the Bharata family. The rival cousins, Kauravas and Pandavas both lay claim to the throne. To reduce feud, Kingdom is divided but the jealous Kauravas are not content and plot to usurp the other half of the kingdom through a rigged game of dice. Yudhisthir, the older Pandavas loses everything in the game, the kingdom his brothers, his wife (Draupadi) and including himself to his rival Duryadhana. Yudhisthir’s wife queen Draupadi is dragged before Duryadhana in the assembly of nobles where his brother Duryadhana tries to strip her. After losing the game of dice and the kingdom and everything, Yudhisthir is exiled for 13 years, 12 years he is required to spend in forest and one year in the kingdom he lost, but in disguise so that no one can recognise him. During the exile Draupadi, presses Yudhisthir to raise an army and defeat Duryadhana and get back his kingdom and all the honour he lost by rigged game of dice. But Yudhisthira who believes in Dharma says that he had given the word he will honour it. Dharma is a ship that guides one to the farthest shore.”

Both the evils of envy and greed of following Dharma are relevant even today just as these have affected mankind for thousands of years. At the national and international level, envy and greed led to two great wars during 20th century. In 1st world war from 1914 to 1919 Germany tried to conquer the whole world and to become the only great power but was defeated causing death of millions and devastating almost all the European countries including Germany itself. But Germany did not learn lesson and under fascist Hitler once again embarked on the conquest of world, this time with the support of Japan, a rising Asian country. Hitler, too, met the fate of Kaiser William in the second world war 1939 to 1945. In addition Hitler’s fascist government had killed 6 million Jews in Gas Chambers. This time, even Germany was occupied by victorious Allies for a few years. There are the most horrible consequences of envy in 20the century. Had Germany followed Dharma which required the king or the ruler of a country to further interests of its subjects and those interests of the state or country? According to philosophy of Mahabharata if a king follows Dharma, there will be rule of law and justice and the king who follows Dharma is known as “Dharma raja.”

As there are enemies as neighbours as were the Kauravas in Kurukshetra war, it is difficult to practice ‘Dharma’. Practice of Dharma became difficult when there is war with an unjust neighbour like Durjyadhana. Accordingly India and Pakistan have been at war number of times because Pakistan never believed in ‘Dharma’ and does not believe even today because of its support to terrorism. That is why US President Obama has said that “Pakistan has cancer of terrorism” training and sending terrorists to USA to destroy Twin Towers and to India to attack Taj Hotel killing hundreds of innocent people, innocent men and women. So long as cancer of terrorism is there in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iraq there can not be lasting peace in the world. Thus Muslims and Christians should follow Dharma in their dealings with countries and individuals. Then alone there can be peace and harmony in the world. Dharma and it practice is essential between individuals, too. Brothers should not fight for patrimony leading to court cases or violent deaths, which is happening. There should be ban on gambling, too. Dharma is: Be intent with actions not on fruits of action. It is difficult be good by both, countries and individuals. But that is essential in the modern world to avoid envy as between two cousins in Mahabharata and a war of annihilation like Kurukshetra war.

Towards the end of Kurukshetra war when only Durjyadhana remains alive and is in hiding, Krishna considered a God allows Bhima to kill Durjyadhana by deceit. In Gurcharan Das’s words “Krishna justifies it as without Krishna’s intervention, to kill Durjyadhana without deceit would not have been possible as Kauravas were great warriors. Krishna’s defence is that once peace talks failed and Durjyadhana refused to part with five villages to the Pandavas, the only thing that mattered was victory for the just side. Krishna now becomes grave and tells the victors: “Kaurava were great warriors and you could not have defeated in fair fight, so I had to use deceit, treachery and magic on your behalf” (page XXII of book).

It is evident from the above that even god Krishna, for the sake of justice for saving Arjuna and Drana used deceit and trickery from the above mentioned facts as outlined by Gurcharan Das from Mahabharata, it is clear that so long envy and jealousy are there and terrorism and suicide bombing prevails, there can not be peace and harmony between nations even in 21st century. Difficulty of being good for the nations and citizens will be there.

July 1, 2010 Posted by | Hinduism, India, Political Commentary, Religion, Terrorism | , , , | Leave a comment

Hinduism-Its Origin and Philosophy

 The word Hindu is derived from river Sindhu. All those living around this river were called Hindus, originally by the Persians. Accordingly the country where Hindus lived came to be known as Hindustan. The place where Hindus live, where Hindu culture and Hindu language like Sanskrit and its offshoots like Hindi are spoken and written.

Hinduism is the oldest religion of the entire world. When the ancient caves of Mohenjodaro were unearthed in 1920’s, the first evidence of existence of Hinduism was also unearthed. It showed, Hinduism existed about 2000 to 3000 BC ie, 4000 to 5000 years ago. These also clearly showed the mode of worship of Hindu deities by the Hindus of ancient times.

It is significant to note that unlike the other major religions of the world, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam. Hindu Dharma was not founded by one guru or prophet. Hinduism evolved and developed gradually over many thousand years. Similarly Hinduism has not one but many sacred books like Rigveda, Dharam Shastras, Ramayan and Mahabharat expounded and written at different during periods of history.

Ancient Hindus, as outlined in Rigveda, worshiped nature and great objects of nature like earth, sun and waters particularly the sacred rivers like Ganga and Yamuna and their joining together (Sangam) at Haridwar ie, abode of God. Millions of Hindus even in these days go to Haridwar to pray and take dip, reciting rhymes or simply Ram Ram.

Followers and philosophers of Upanishads (around 700 BC) named the Supreme spirit that created earth, sun, water and mountains as Brahma. Brahma was omnipresent but formless. Followers of ancient Hinduism could not worship a formless entity so they invented various gods in humans and animals which they started worshiping. There are three male deities of Hindus viz Brahma, the creator of the universe, Vishnu the preserver and Shiva who is both the destroyer and regenerator. These three deities are also called Trimurthi.

The female goddesses of Hindus are Saraswati, the goddess of learning and the arts and crafts, Laxmi, goddess of good fortune and wealth and Shakti also known as Parvati and is called mother goddess. It is Shakti who in her destructive mood is known as Durga or Kali (mostly worshiped in Bengal). The other deities that Hindus worship, and there are Temples or Mandirs in their names, are Ganesh and Hanuman. In South India, Kritkaya and Subramania are worshiped more than the north Indian deities.

All Hindus, just as followers of other religions like Buddhism, Islam, Christianity and Sikhism believe that it is only the body that dies, the soul from the body is reincarnated in another being and it never dies.

Ramayan and Mahabharat are the most prominent epics, that are read, recited and worshiped in modern times by all Hindus. Ramayan, as the name suggests, deals with the life of Lord Ram, Mahabharat with the life of Lord Krishna. In Gita (Geet Govinda) philosophy of Hinduism is apparent in dialogues between Krishna and Arjun. Here is one of the most significant passage from this epic, which will ever inspire all humanity even today:

 “The raft of Knowledge ferries the worst sinner to safety.” Bhagwat Gita

 “Knowledge is wealth” Vedas

Devotion and Ahimsa are the two main tenets of Hindu philosophy. Devotion in Hinduism means worship of chosen deity, chanting its name like Ram Ram or Jai Jai Ram. Doing good deeds, after visiting and praying in the chosen temple, like giving food to the hungry and helping poor and needy. Devotion’s ultimate aim is merger of soul in deity.

The other important tenet of Hinduism is Ahimsa. Ahimsa means non-injury to others, human as well as animals, because all living creatures have soul. It is now known as non-violence. Mahatma Gandhi made it driving force for struggle for independence of India from British rulers in early 20th century. Non-violence made, British to quit India in 1947. This philosophy has become relevant in the world to end imperialism or to get equality for coloured with the whites. This philosophy of non-violence and its success facilitated for the first time a coloured American (Obama) becoming President of white dominated USA.

It is pertinent to state that during 20th Century, because of the British policy of Divide and Rule and encouragement to Muslim League to fight for a Muslim dominated country of their own when they quit India, a sect of Hindus like Rss transformed itself, to an extent, abandoning Ahimsa ie, non-violence. These Hindus emulated Bhagat Singh and Raj Guru and later Netaji Subhash Bose, who being a Hindu differed with the Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non violence and took arms as leader of INA to compel Britishers to quit India. But vast majority of Hindus, particularly because of Vajpayee, founder of BJP, still believe in Ahimsa.

Basic purpose of brief analysis of Hinduism and Hindu philosophy from ancient times to present day is to emphasize that Hinduism does not advocate violence against followers of any other religion. Hinduism and Hindus have been peaceful for thousands of years. For last 1000 years or so they have suffered silently but have not, as a religious philosophy, indulged in violence even in retaliation. They have largely followed the Hindu philosophy of devotion and ahimsa for their own and others well being for peace and harmony.

February 5, 2010 Posted by | Hinduism, India, Indian History, Muslims, World History | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment