H C Singh

Naxal Problem And its Solution

During British Rule and even Mughal Rule extending to 1000 years or so, the Naxal problem was not heard. Both British and Muslim Rules left the Naxal area untouched, to let them do as they were doing before their rule. These areas like areas of East India, Assam, were virtually outside their administration. Naxal created no problem of any sort, by intrusion into Muslim or British ruled areas. Mughal and British rulers were content with their conquests and administration of rest of Hindustan as known during Muslim rule and India, as modified from Indes, under British rule.

But with partition and Independence of India and Pakistan, both the countries faced with perennial problems of fight and terrorism, India from Naxal areas and Pakistan from NWFP. It must be added that NWFP after conquest of Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s Khalsa Army remained absolutely peaceful for 30 years of Sikh rule and thereafter for almost 100 years under British rule there was no problem of Taliban or other terrorist groups.

But with coming of Congress rule in India after departure of last British Army Chief and Governor General, Naxals, started showing their strengths. In the first 20 years of independence there were clashes with Indian Army because of their intrusion in adjoining states of west Bengal, Jharkhand, parts of AP, MP and Maharashtra. But by the 90’s of last century Naxal problem became a headache for Indian Government and a number of state governments. Similarly Taliban problem of NWFP, in particular, had become so intense that it could not be controlled by Pakistan and so American support in money and through Air Attacks by US Forces hitting Taliban areas, by Drone planes, in NWFP and Balochistan.

But India is trying to solve the Naxal problem by its own means. So far India has been using mainly Army to subdue the Naxals, but there have been heavy casualties for decodes of civilians as well as military personnel. Now India seems to be trying other method of compensating the militant Naxals who surrender before the Indian Army and also provide them jobs pensions and other facilities so that they permanently become good citizens of India, productive and useful and set an example for other militants Naxals to throw down their arms and become good peaceful and working citizens like them.

As military action for decades did not succeed in curbing or eliminating Naxal attack. This policy of giving them temptations of money, work and peaceful life for them and for their families if they are married or get married. Bharti Jain in an article in Economic Times of 7th September has given details, official or unofficial, but relevant which are given below.

“Vocational Training along with a monthly stipend of Rs 2,000 each for up to three years, Rs 1.5 lakh in fixed deposit with a three-year maturity and additional incentives up to Rs 25,000 for each surrendered weapon or ammunition. These are some of the key benefits on offer under the Centre’s new surrender-cum-rehabilitation guidelines for Naxalites finalized on August 26.

The Centre, as part of its multi-pronged conflict management and resolution strategy, has designed the surrender-cum-rehabilitation policy for Maoists to provide gainful employment and entrepreneurial opportunities to the surrendered Naxalties and also ensure that they do not find it attractive anymore to return to the Naxal fold. Importantly, the policy will be implemented along with firm action by the counter forces against Naxalites who indulge in violent acts.”

It is hoped and appears quite certain that the above mentioned policy of government which has come after long time will help a lot, may be it takes a few years to convince all Maoists and Naxals to become good citizens of India with jobs and compensation.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | India, Indian History | , , | Leave a comment