H C Singh

Partition of India

It is now well established that three persons were mainly responsible for partition of India. Jinnah till late 20’s was a nationalist, had nothing to do with Muslim League or Muslim politics. He was a die hard liberal and a staunch nationalist. But later RSS, Nehru and to an extent Patel who wanted United India with Hindu dominance and majority changed his attitude and he drifted towards Muslim League which was eager to have prominent and able men at its helm. Even a Pakistani American Ayesha Jalal says that “under Mountbatten , the British found in Jinnah a perfect bogyman to absolve themselves of responsibility for partitioning India in 1947.”
On the other hand Mahatma Gandhi had declared that “those who wanted partition could only walk over his dead body” It was mainly RSS, Nehru Hindu Maha Sabha and to an extent Sardar Patel who took a strong stand against Muslim League and compelled Jinnah to become Quaid-e-Azam, Supreme leader though not of United India but of Muslim Pakistan. M S Narayanan, a historian and a former Chairman of Indian Council of Historical Research, says “Nehru cannot be absolved of the responsibility of Partition, as he was the one who carried the mighty Congress with him, signed the documents and jumped into the seat of Supreme Power. He has to be cited as third accused (of partition of India) after Churchill and Jinnah, though he can be exonerated on account of Services to the nation and the world at large.”
Advani and Jaswant Singh in particular, are absolutely wrong in praising Jinnah as a secular leader of Pakistan. Jinnah had repeatedly stressed, after so called secular speech of August 11,1947 to which Advani and later Jaswant Singh have referred again and again, that Pakistan was a Muslim State.. “The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan would be able to enact laws for Muslims which went be inconsistent with Sharia laws and Muslims will no longer be obliged to abide by unislamic laws.” He wade a similar statement in Peshawar and finally to silence any dissent, at the Muslim League Council in Karach on December 14, 1947 he said “ Let it be clear that Pakistan is going to be a Muslim state based on Islamic Ideals”.

According to Mark Tully, “ Nehru himself was prepared to admit he might have made mistakes which helped to partition India. Nehru wrote to Nawab of Bhopal on July 9, 1948 “ I know that we are to blame it because we thought that perhaps that way, however painful it was, we might have some peace. Perhaps we acted wrongly”
Partition has been a great and unforgettable crisis for whole of India and even Pakistan when millions of people lost their lives for no fault of theirs but because of political strife between men as outlined above who were anxious to come to power and rule India and Pakistan.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | India | , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Origin Of Two Nation Theory

British and Syed Ahmed Khan were co-founder of Pakistan as British preferred to rule by the policy of Divide and Rule, So they encouraged men like Sir Syed who was just a sub-judge but well versed in English and Knighted by British Government on the obvious recommendation of British rulers of India, to perpetuate and strengthen two nation theory initiated by their policy of ‘Divide and Rule’ ie divide Hindu’s and Muslims so that they unitedly do not create problem for British rulers demanding, in due course, independence, but instead fight among themselves.
I reproduce below extracts from Speech of Sri Syed Ahmed from the book ‘Great Speeches of Modern India’ by R. Mukherjee.
This fiery speech was delivered by Syed Ahmed in Meerut in 1888, just three years after the creation of Indian National Congress by Octavian Hume in Bombay which was meant by the British Rulers that it would remain Loyal to British Government of India. Thus it will be seen that foundation of two-nation theory in India was laid down by the British with the help of men like Syed Ahmed Khan.
“I will treat in regular sequence of the political questions of India, in order that you may have full opportunity of giving your attention to them. The first of all is this, In whose hands shall the Administration and the Empire of India rest? Now, suppose that all the English and the whole English army were to leave India, taking with them all their cannons and their splendid weapons and everything, then who would be rulers of India? Is it possible that under these circumstances two nations- the Mohammedans and the Hindus- could sit on the same throne and remain equal in power?

August 24, 2009 Posted by | India, Indian History, Pakistan, Political Commentary | , , , , , | Leave a comment