H C Singh

Is India a Scam Country or Scam is tan?

Large scale and nationwide corruption which is deep seated at every level in government at centre and states from cabinet ministers and secretaries down to Clarks and peons. It has led to scams staring with scam of A Raja of 2G from year 2002 when BJP was in power to UPA government particularly from 2007 onwards till he was put behind bars. Since then more and more scams have come to light. On July 25, A Raja was bold enough in the court of Judge OP Saini to name Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and senior cabinet minister P Chidambram. He said before judge Saini that whatever illegal and corrupt actions he committed, all were with knowledge of PM in particular. Most startling to press and people was A Raja’s statement in court that sale of spectrum in 2008 at the price of 2001 was with the knowledge of PM.

First letter by A Raja to PM was undated but letter from PM to A Raja was dated August 18, 2007. Since then 19 letters in all PM exchanged with A Raja on 2G during 4 years upto middle of 2011, when Raja was finally convicted and put behind bars- obviously it does not behove PM to be in correspondence with a known highly corrupt person like A Raja. As nationwide corruption was continued for years, Ram Jethmalani has said, “If the Sweedish Academy had a Nobel Prize for successful concealing of corruption and the corrupt, it would have gone without competition to our Prime Minister and his cabinet”. About corruption and scams in the country, Jethmalani said “Mired in corruption of all kinds; it was in no hurry to terminate it. The nation was helplessly watching shameful disclosure of scams including cabinet ministers and crucial leaders of ruling party. It is possible that other corrupt politicians and bureaucrats were involved. But the main responsibility can only be of the ruling government and the Prime Minister, an impeccable white knight of political integrity” as a result regime of scamsters protects the corrupts.

Cabinet Minister who knew about illegal actions of A Raja in the price of spectrum sale were P Chidambram, Parnab Mukherjee chairman of GOM on spectrum, Han Raj Bhardwaj the Law Minister, Montek Singh Ahluwalia Deputy chairman Planning Commission and Goolam Vahanvate Solicitor General during UPA I, Among the civil servants who had a say in scam are Sidharth Bphura Telecom secretary who has been charged with criminal conspiracy, forgery and using faged documents and cheating. He has been convicted and has spent more than 175 days in jail. Sanjay Chandra former MD Unitech Wireless has also been charged and has already spent more than 100 days in jail for the same crimes as of Sanjay Chandra.

It is unjust for Jethmalani to blame only PM who had, till recently, never taken any decision himself. He had always been guided even directed by Sonia Gandhi, UPA Chairperson, who was guided by a coterie of ministers. That is source of all corruption, particularly since 2007-2008 and all scams and even steep decline in popularity of UPA II Congress.
Latest scam which has come to light and has even rocked the Parliament on 8th and 9th August 2011 is about Sheila Dixit Chief Minister of Delhi. She played an imported role in CWG Scam along with Suresh Kalmadi. She was herself found guilty and corrupt by CAG. Thus there seems to be no end of scams in our Country.

August 10, 2011 Posted by | Uncategorized | , | Leave a comment

Extent of poverty in India – Causes and Cures

It is known worldwide that, leaving some African countries aside, about 30 percent Indians are below poverty line. Though in the latest census there is marginal improvement but Indian poor, uneducated, living in slums or begging are found everywhere in villages in towns and in metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata . On the other hand rich have become richer and even living standard of middle class has improved much more than the decline in poverty or uplifting of poor in villages and cities. That is, in brief, the status of the rich and well to do and conditions of Indians poor, even after almost 65 years of Independence. How can poverty in India be eradicated or reduced significantly? India is one of three or four highly developed Industrial power and one of the most highly developed country in information technology and software development. It is the reason that countries like USA have more technologies from India than they have their own.

About the decline in number, percentage of poor or below poverty line during last 60 years upto 2004-2005, the authentic figure and percentage is as outlined by the Elevant Five year plan 2007-2012 (Documented) has almost double the total number of poor in India remains the same.

‘India is nation of over 300 million poor people, a number that has barely declined over the last three decades ‘ Plan document has very significantly pointed out. All growth benefit the poor, but the appropriate definition of pro poor growth should be that it benefit them disproportionately. It is clear that rapid growth will be essential but for growth to benefit the poor disproportionately, it will have to be accompanied by more rapid employment expansion that hitherto, greater investment in health , education, water sanitation and child nutrition than so far and directly targeted poverty reduction programme.

It will equally interesting and enlightening that in some states poverty reduction is noteworthy, as best as any other country of the world but, at the same time some states of India have lagged far behind in poverty reduction as quoted below.
“Some states have been particularly successful to reducing the head count ratio in 2004-2005. The states with lowest head count ratio of poverty are J & K (5.4%), Punjab (8.4%), Arunachal Pradesh (10%),Haryana(14%), Kerala(15%), Gujarat(16.7%). At the other end of spectrum are Orissa(46.3%), Bihar(41.3%), Madhya Pradesh(38.2%) and Uttar Pradesh(32.8%).

Entire 11th Plan document, is worth going through to acquaint oneself of what is happening to alleniate the poor marginally while rich are becoming much more richer and middle class people of India are doing very well.

It is reported by the Children Health Organization that every year 2 million children are still born world over mostly in poor countries of Africa and developing countries of South East Asia. In developed countries like USA, Britain, France and Russia there is regular health care for women in distress while in poor and underdeveloped countries there is not much health care particularly for poor mothers living in villages and slums in the towns. If the government cares for poor women the number of still born children can be substantially reduced. “Women accounted for 34 % of principal and 89% subsidiary workers in agriculture”.

Government at the centre and the concerned states must pay attention to Tea and Coffee plantations as it is an important sector which gives tea and coffee to Indian citizen but earns lot of foreign exchange. It is known that good quality of tea fetches 5 to 10 times as that, too, in foreign exchange, particular demand for good and splendid quality tea is known to be in good demand in countries like Japan. Government should provide interest relief to tea and coffee growers. Another important sphere which demand government attention is fisheries and fishing policy particularly the marine fishing that provides employment and livelihood to more than a million in coastal states like Kerala. By export of good quality fish government earn substantial foreign exchange .Thus government should take measures and provide stringent measure to develop marine fishing. It should have a special marine fishing policy to so that there is security for fisherman. There have been many incident where fisherman have perished. Government should support their families, compensate for lost fishing boats.

There has been often crises in agriculture and many farmers, particularly in part of Maharashtra commit suicide because of poor crop production. Eleventh Five year plan documents which refer to Agricultural sector as this sector employs nearly 60 percent of our labour force. The growth rate of agricultural sector is perhaps the lowest. It has been around 2% for decades. Government should adopt through another Green Revolution so that growth of GDP in agricultural sector rises to at least 4 % as Industrial GDP in India is between 8% to 10%.

Elevant Five years plan document has touched all aspects of growth in India. But only few aspects have been mentioned above which are crucial for the improvement of life and working condition of poor sectors. If government pays more attention to eradicate or substantial reduce poverty in India it is important not only it should pay attention to industrial sector, which to is important, but to agriculture and fishery sector as well as tea and coffee plantation sectors.

April 22, 2011 Posted by | India, Indian Economy | , | Leave a comment

Religious Intolerance- A Threat to Democracy

Hinduism has been tolerant of other religions since ancient times. There was no conflict between Hinduism and Buddhism, between Jainism and Hinduism. These three religions were peaceful throughout centuries or ages. There were no conflicts and question of a conversion did not arise. But with the coming of Islam to India the country was divided for the first time in history, into two communities – Hindu and Muslim. K M Pannikar has explained this separation of two religious communities ‘ the main social result of Islam as a religion into India was the division of society from top to bottom”. Both Hindu and Muslim were irreconcilable and hostile which never happened before in India between any two or three communities.
Vaishneys comments are also realistic and significant “ The Hindus still feel in one way or other that they were treated unfairly ( in fact millions of Hindus were killed or converted during Muslim rule) by their Muslim rulers. Partition of India created Pakistan as a Muslim country (with Muslim law and sharia) but our nationalist leaders did not create India as Hindu Rashtra. In fact the Muslim fundamentalism created Pakistan.” It is thus unfair to blame Indian leaders like Gandhi Nehru and Patel for the creation of Pakistan as stated by Jaswant Singh and some others.
In India there is democracy though not perfect and without blemish despite some unfortunate happenings like demolition of Babri Masjid (which even Advani has regretted and has felt sorry) and Dal Khalsa that came into existence because of demolition of Golden Temple by Indira Gandhi and genocide of Sikhs under Rajiv Gandhi and some Indian Muslims participation in terrorist activities sponsored by Taliban and Killing of some Christians in Orissa.
India continues to be a multicultural multilingual and multi-religious pluralist democracy. No country in the world is perfect democracy whether it is USA, UK or Australia. There are mishaps in every country , 26/11 attack on India and attack on Parliament of India has awakened India to deal with Muslim terrorists from Pakistan and some from India itself, financed and trained by Pakistani terrorist organisaions.
As explained above Indain leaders after Partition of India did not make India a Hindu Rashtra. So India continues to be secular and the biggest democracy in the world. That is India’s pride because majority of Indian’s are tolerant and believe in democracy.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | India, Indian History, Religion | , , , , , | Leave a comment

Partition of India

It is now well established that three persons were mainly responsible for partition of India. Jinnah till late 20’s was a nationalist, had nothing to do with Muslim League or Muslim politics. He was a die hard liberal and a staunch nationalist. But later RSS, Nehru and to an extent Patel who wanted United India with Hindu dominance and majority changed his attitude and he drifted towards Muslim League which was eager to have prominent and able men at its helm. Even a Pakistani American Ayesha Jalal says that “under Mountbatten , the British found in Jinnah a perfect bogyman to absolve themselves of responsibility for partitioning India in 1947.”
On the other hand Mahatma Gandhi had declared that “those who wanted partition could only walk over his dead body” It was mainly RSS, Nehru Hindu Maha Sabha and to an extent Sardar Patel who took a strong stand against Muslim League and compelled Jinnah to become Quaid-e-Azam, Supreme leader though not of United India but of Muslim Pakistan. M S Narayanan, a historian and a former Chairman of Indian Council of Historical Research, says “Nehru cannot be absolved of the responsibility of Partition, as he was the one who carried the mighty Congress with him, signed the documents and jumped into the seat of Supreme Power. He has to be cited as third accused (of partition of India) after Churchill and Jinnah, though he can be exonerated on account of Services to the nation and the world at large.”
Advani and Jaswant Singh in particular, are absolutely wrong in praising Jinnah as a secular leader of Pakistan. Jinnah had repeatedly stressed, after so called secular speech of August 11,1947 to which Advani and later Jaswant Singh have referred again and again, that Pakistan was a Muslim State.. “The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan would be able to enact laws for Muslims which went be inconsistent with Sharia laws and Muslims will no longer be obliged to abide by unislamic laws.” He wade a similar statement in Peshawar and finally to silence any dissent, at the Muslim League Council in Karach on December 14, 1947 he said “ Let it be clear that Pakistan is going to be a Muslim state based on Islamic Ideals”.

According to Mark Tully, “ Nehru himself was prepared to admit he might have made mistakes which helped to partition India. Nehru wrote to Nawab of Bhopal on July 9, 1948 “ I know that we are to blame it because we thought that perhaps that way, however painful it was, we might have some peace. Perhaps we acted wrongly”
Partition has been a great and unforgettable crisis for whole of India and even Pakistan when millions of people lost their lives for no fault of theirs but because of political strife between men as outlined above who were anxious to come to power and rule India and Pakistan.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | India | , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Advani and Kandhar Crisis

On 27th August 2009 there was interview on T.V of Brajesh Mishra who was National Security Advisor in BJP Government when Kandhar crisis took place. An Indian Airlines plane carrying 166 passengers was hijacked to Kandhar. For seven days the passengers remained as hostages in the plane till the NSC meeting decided to send Jaswant Singh who as External Affairs Minister at that time left. Thus Jaswant Singh took the risk or showed extreme boldness and patriotism that he with three terrorists in a single plane left for Kandhar to negotiate and get the release of 166 passengers. One of them had already been killed, the remaining passengers were warned about their fate. NSC meeting was attended by Advani who was then Dy Prime Minister and Home Minister. But it is strange that Advani claimed that he was unaware of the terrorists for passengers swap, carried out in January 2000. Advani has said before and even now in the interview on T.V. But Brajesh Mishra in the same T.V channel emphasized that Advani was present in the NSC meeting, and he was fully aware of the unanimous decision taken in the meeting to send Jaswant Singh then External Affair Minister to Kandhar for the release 166 passengers. Advani says Jaswant Singh might have consulted PM Vajpayee but “I was unaware. Initially I was against swapping terrorists for 166 passengers.” Advani’s denial of his knowledge about Swap has created a storm in political circles, not only BJP but congress too is then to get from Advani truth about his knowledge .
If Advani’s denial of any knowledge about Kandhar crisis that could, if not solved by swapping with terrorists to get release of 166 passengers, lead to blowing of the Plane and killing all the 166 passengers. Advani, the Home Minister and Dy PM in Vajpayee BJP Government in 2000, being present throughout the National Security Council Meeting how could he say that he was “unaware” of the decision. What type of Home Minister and Dy PM he was who could be indifferent to such a crisis. He should rather have taken initiative and given clear directions to Brajesh Mishra and Jaswant Singh to save the lives of 166 passengers. That is why Brajesh Mishra said he was ‘astonished’ that Advani had no knowledge of the proceedings and decision taken at the meeting. To set the matters right and save his own honour Advani must come forward and tell the truth ie he was aware of decision.
Kandhar crisis of 2000 has further tarnished the image of Advani when read with his praise of Jinnah being secular while he had become extremely communal as explained above and time again said Pakistan is a Muslim State and will be governed by Islamic Sharia rules.
RSS chief Bhagwat has made no comments on Kandhar problem saying it is for BJP to solve it. With the boost to BJP made by Bhagwat, it seems the controversy of Kandhar crisis which is almost 10 years old will fizzle out.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | India, Indian History, Political Commentary, Politics | , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the greatest orator that India produced irrespective of political party to which he belonged. During first General election he used to address at about 12-30 PM and almost all the government servants of Central Secretariat Krishi Bhawan, Udyog Bhawan would be there by 1 PM to listen to his spellbound oratory, irrespective of the fact that he was speaking for Jan Sangh. So this was Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 1950’s a young man in his 30’s, an intelligent and impressive orator. With his oratory dedication and honesty he built his name as well as that of his party.

Though Morarji Desai as PM was not upto mark, if not an absolute failure. Another prominent leader of Janta Party, Charan Singh, too, being too selfish hankering after Prime Ministership could not be considered as a success but proved to be liability to Janta Party. He was more instrumental in destroying the Janta Party and Janta Government with the help of Indira Gandhi. On the other hand Vajpayee’s career as a Foreign Minister and diplomat was without a blemish. In spite of being a rightest he developed good and commendable relations not only with USA and west but with China and our hostlile neighbours Pakistan and Bangladesh. To conclude the brief summary, it will of interest to all to know the heights Vajpayee attained after the collapse of Janta Party, in contrast to Desai and Charan Singh, whose political careers came to end.

In 1980, after Bhartya Jan Sangh’s debacle which was mainly supported by RSS caders, Vajpayee was instrumental in transforming the party into a broadbased national organization, not only a ‘Hindu’ Party. So as founding President of BJP he outlined the commitments to certain values, diluting the RSS-Jan Sangh legacy and aspiring to make BJP a truly national party. Explaining the formation and rise of BJP, justice M C Chagla described it “as a glimmer of hope for Indian Democracy to save this nation from the scourge of Indira hegemony to provide viable national political alternative.”

Justice Chagla’s prediction and hope was correct and fulfilled when in 1994 BJP under Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the ruling Party and Vajpayee became PM. Vajpayee became PM again in 1998 elections and remained Prime Minister for a full team of five years upto 2003. This was a historic period as Indian Army was asked by the Prime Minister Vajpayee to throw out Pakistani Army and teach them a lesson which they would remember for ever.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | Biography, India, Indian History, Politics | , , , , | Leave a comment

India 1998 – 2004

Narsimaha Rao government was a blemish on Congress which was led by leaders like Gandhi,Patel, Rajendra Parsad and Nehru. As a result in 1996 elections congress and Narsimaha Rao were trounced. Congress getting only 140 seats against BJP ‘s 161. Thus BJP’s leader Atal Bihari Vajpayee was invited by President to form the government but after two weeks Vajpayee resigned as unlike Narsimaha Rao he did not indulge in malpractice of purchasing MPS to continue in power, as Vajpayee was a rational leader and a veteran who had been MP since 1950’s and was a man of principles. Till next elections of 1998 this country was ruled or misruled by hotchpotch of political parties and called United Front or by any such name under H.D Deve Gowda’s Prime Ministership.

In 1998 elections Congress seats in Parliament touched the lowest. Congress got only 114 seats against its rival the other National Party BJP. As with a number of allies, BJP as leader of National Democratic Front (NDA) formed the government under the Prime Ministership of Vajpayee from March 1998. This was a stable government which could and certainly did a lot for the nation.

The first test of capability and boldness came when Pakistan tested successfully medium range missile called Gauri after a terrorist Muslim invader who had destroyed many temples in north India and killed thousand of innocent Indians in his March from Khyber Pass to north west and central India devastating everything that came in the way. Vaypayee government got ready to give more than a befitting reply to Pakistan’s aggressive attitude and celebrations. Thus just after two months in May 1998 India tested not one but five nuclear devices in Rajasthan from where in 1974 India under Indira Gandhi’s government had tested first ever nuclear device. India showed boldness to the entire world, particularly to Pakistan and India’s Home Minister L K Advani and Defence Minister George Fernandes warned Pakistan and even China for any aggressive action in Kashmir or north east of India.

Inspite of nuclear test by both Pakistan and India, Vajpayee remained cool and farsighted. In early 1999 Prime Minister Vaypayee visited Lahore.

This was a historic visit as PM Vajpayee initiated first ever Bus service from Delhi to Lahore. It was also a historic visit as both India and Pakistan had tested their nuclear bombs and it was feared the Kashmir dispute may not escalate into a full fledged war even with nuclear weapons. Vajpayee’s speech was like applying ointment on Indo-Pak wounds and Prime Minister Vaypayee’s coolness and aptitude as a seasoned politician and former Foreign Minister in Morarji Desai government did wonders. Both India and Pakistan realized the havoc that a nuclear war would cause. It will be worthwhile to quote from his speech, as under:
“I have brought one message from India. There can be no greater legacy that we can leave behind than to do away with mistrust, to abjure and eliminate conflict, to erect an edifice of durable peace, amity, harmony and cooperation. I am confident that through our combined efforts we will succeed in doing so, no matter how hard we have to work in achieving it.”

In appreciation of work and conduct as a politician, as well as his intelligence and remarkable honesty above a few lines are example from Atal Bihari Vaypayee’s speech. Howsoever Vajpayee and Nawaz Sharif liked and tried for maintaining cordial and friendly relations as never before, opening a new chapter in the honesty of Indo-Pak good neighborly relations but events like military coup by Musharaf, deposition of lawfully and democratically elected Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and above all Pakistan Army’s aggression in Kargil area of Kashmir brought hostilities and mistrust.

Kargil area of Indian Kashmir is crucial for the protection of Ladakh. It is also important because Kargil hill tops under Indian control protect the Leh Srinagar highway. Pakistan thought that once these tops of Kargil were occupied by their forces it will be virtually impossible, in their view, for India to dislodge their forces and reoccupy it. But they were mistaken: they had forgotten the Indian Army’s courage and determination as evidenced in surrender of 90,000 Pakistanis soldiers with generals on the defeat of East Pakistan and creation of Bangladesh as well as defeat of Pakistani Army in 1965 and India’s occupation of Haji Pir. But Pakistan’s high command felt that as they have nuclear power matching with India, Government of India under BJP will hesitate to dislodge their forces from Kagil heights , fearing nuclear war. But that was not to be as Prime Minister Vaypayee was not like Charan Singh or Morarji Desai. He was a man with iron determination.

In May 1999 Indian Army was alerted by Kashmiri shepherds about unknown Pakistan’s soldier and Pathans. Kargil war was Musharaf’s war against India as Chief of Pakistan Army. But as Pakistani Army was mauled and given crushing defeat by Indian Soldiers though Pakistan had initially occupied all the tops of the Kargil hills and it appeared to Pakistani Army and Musharaf that Indian Army will not dislodge the Pakistani Army. But as after fierce fighting by Indian Army aided by Indian Air Force, Pakistan and Musharaf’s army was given humiliating defeat, Musharaf hit upon the idea to put the blame of defeat on Pakistan’s PM Nawaz Sharif. So he staged a military coup in Oct ’99 and dislodged Nawaz sharif and himself became the President of Pakistan. Pakistan had lost more than 2000 soldiers in comparison India lost about 500 valiant soldiers from all over India including Nagaland, Orissa and Karnataka besides majority being from northern Army.

It was Vajpayee’s first victory, a great victory as PM which washed off humiliation of Indian Army defeat in 1962 China war. While China had intruded into north east of India exploring vast area and leaving the conquered territory of India at their own will, the Pakistan Army in Kargil war was crushed and India captured with fierce fighting all the hills of Kargil area including Tiger hill.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | Corruption, India, Indian History, Political Commentary, Politics | , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Corruption in India

A person has been held for sale of tainted blood. This is one of the worst crimes. He was supplying HIV affected blood to local nursing homes. He was owner of a medical laboratory in a small town about 500 km north west of Jaipur. Accused Hetram Goyal was also charged with collecting blood from donors and supplying to nursing homes without verifying whether these bloods of donors were infected or not. This has happened in Congress ruled Rajasthan.

In Rajasthan also, two days after a Congress MLA has been charged for getting blood from donors who were school children and most of them minors. Congress MLA against whom FIR has been registered on orders of the court is Bhagwan Saini from Chomu town about 35 km from Jaipur. It was Blood Donation camp on Rajiv Gandhi Birth anniversary. Out of 27 school children 20 were minor. MLA allegedly forged documents to show that the children were not minor. Getting blood donated by minor children by tricking them. Among the accused is the Principal of the school.

The above two instances of corruption are unique. Such incidents do not seem to have happened before or have gone unreported or have been silenced because of corruption which is prevalent in India in every department everywhere in every state. Bit this seems to be first time that a Congress MLA has been caught red handed and FIR has been registered against him, though sale of HIV tainted blood is more serious and demands exemplary punishment. It is hoped that both the above cases will not be closed because of pressure of politicians or Ministers in Rajasthan or from central Government.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | Corruption, India | , , , , | 2 Comments

Economic Crisis

There is continuous rise in prices of essential food products like rice wheat, pulses and sugar. Sugar stocks are so low that the imported sager will make the sugar for common man costlier. Sugar prices are likely to be all time high crossing Rs 40 and climbing to Rs 50 a Kg compared to around Rs 30 per kgbefore crisis and import. With increase in the price of sugar by 30% or so all types of sweets, during festival season, will be offered at double the price. This will hurt common man, though Government is thinking of supplying 2 Kg sugar to each family below poverty line. But the type of economic and social structure that we have it is doubtful whether even 10% families below poverty line will actually get the 2 kg sugar at existing price or with subsidy.

As total sugar requirement of the country is 23 million tonners while indigenous production during 2009-10 is to be 15 million tonners. It means India will be imparting during current year 8 to 10 million tonnes of sugar. Besides burden on consumers it will be burden on India’s financial economy which will be becoming budget deficit further.

In addition to sugar, because of draught in almost half of India, prices of other edible commodities will also rise.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | India | , , , , | Leave a comment

India’s Foreign Policy – Identity – Strategy Conflict

Nehru was Prime Minister of India, even during interim government before 1947, of cabinet of equal number of ministers from India (Hindus and Sikhs) and Muslims. But Nehru did not have much say as Liaqat Ali Khan (a nominee of Jinnah who later became PM of Pakistan) was Home Minister. Jawahar Lal Nehru did not have much say except in International Affairs which, too, were insignificant. Similarly after independence when Nehru was PM and Sardar Patel was Home Minister and minister of states Nehru did not have any or much say except in Foreign Affairs.

Similarly after 2004 our economist PM Dr Manmohan Singh does not have much say in Home Affairs and in other matters even in economic matters Finance Minister is all in all. Manmohan Singh as Finance Minister in the government of Narsimha Rao was well respected as he brought liberal economy in place of ‘closed’ socialist economy since Nehru. But from 2004 Manmohan Singh is virtually a Foreign Minister. He had dozen of trips abroad meeting George Bush, Obama of USA mainly for nuclear agreement and visiting other European Countries for international collaboration and visiting for International conferences of various categories.

But luckily, to the credit of Dr Manmohan Singh, during 21st Century Foreign Policy of India vis USA, Pakistan and some other countries of Europe and Asia has become more important than ever before. It has become more complicated and ideological than ever before. India’s Foreign Policy is now being compared with that of USA.

Now Foreign Policy is quite much important for nation building. If India has good relations with countries like USA India stands to gain in International prestiege despite USA’s involvement in Afghanistan, Iraq and even Pakistan. India as an Independent country is not approving US actions in the above mentioned countries. Though as part of foreign policy and broader interest we do not, as a government, criticize USA though many political parties and even some members of UPA openly criticize US involvement in these countries we have to follow – strategy in Industrial Affairs and foreign policy which does not go against India’s basic idealism of peace and non-involvement in other countries affairs. Here to substantiate my and India’s point of view in foreign policy. I would like to reproduce some extracts from the book by Tobias F Engelmeier who is though born in Germany is founder and Director of environmental consulting company:

Since India, in his view, is still militarily and economically weak for the foreseeable future, it should adopt a diplomacy based on wit, moral discipline, persuasion, the intelligent pursuit of self-interest and the use of ‘soft power’. In order to do so, it needs to be more flexible and engagingly active than it was in the past.

The idealist element, so the argument goes, creates goodwill and political capital. ‘Legitimacy is certainly a good in itself; but it also has instrumental value, and is part of the armory needed to conduct realpolitik’. India ‘must be willing to play a role in the global ‘battle of ideas’. Focusing on its democratic and pluralist value – legitimacy, Khilnani believes, will give India considerable power and assures its independence as well a its indispensability. This is not only good for India – it is also good for world.

The international system is not the only significant determinant of foreign policy in India. While structural realism may still be the leanest, most elegant overall theory of international relations, trusting entirely in it will lead to ‘errors in judgment and theory’. India, this great and difficult political experiment, requires a much closer look.

From the above comments which are intensive and of far reaching consequences it will be clear that India can not go by Gandhi’s Idealism that “ends and means and morality and reality are inseparable” India has to pursue realistic Foreign Policy keeping the interest of India, its unity and integrity always in mind.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | India | , , , | Leave a comment