H C Singh

Hinduism-Its Origin and Philosophy

 The word Hindu is derived from river Sindhu. All those living around this river were called Hindus, originally by the Persians. Accordingly the country where Hindus lived came to be known as Hindustan. The place where Hindus live, where Hindu culture and Hindu language like Sanskrit and its offshoots like Hindi are spoken and written.

Hinduism is the oldest religion of the entire world. When the ancient caves of Mohenjodaro were unearthed in 1920’s, the first evidence of existence of Hinduism was also unearthed. It showed, Hinduism existed about 2000 to 3000 BC ie, 4000 to 5000 years ago. These also clearly showed the mode of worship of Hindu deities by the Hindus of ancient times.

It is significant to note that unlike the other major religions of the world, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam. Hindu Dharma was not founded by one guru or prophet. Hinduism evolved and developed gradually over many thousand years. Similarly Hinduism has not one but many sacred books like Rigveda, Dharam Shastras, Ramayan and Mahabharat expounded and written at different during periods of history.

Ancient Hindus, as outlined in Rigveda, worshiped nature and great objects of nature like earth, sun and waters particularly the sacred rivers like Ganga and Yamuna and their joining together (Sangam) at Haridwar ie, abode of God. Millions of Hindus even in these days go to Haridwar to pray and take dip, reciting rhymes or simply Ram Ram.

Followers and philosophers of Upanishads (around 700 BC) named the Supreme spirit that created earth, sun, water and mountains as Brahma. Brahma was omnipresent but formless. Followers of ancient Hinduism could not worship a formless entity so they invented various gods in humans and animals which they started worshiping. There are three male deities of Hindus viz Brahma, the creator of the universe, Vishnu the preserver and Shiva who is both the destroyer and regenerator. These three deities are also called Trimurthi.

The female goddesses of Hindus are Saraswati, the goddess of learning and the arts and crafts, Laxmi, goddess of good fortune and wealth and Shakti also known as Parvati and is called mother goddess. It is Shakti who in her destructive mood is known as Durga or Kali (mostly worshiped in Bengal). The other deities that Hindus worship, and there are Temples or Mandirs in their names, are Ganesh and Hanuman. In South India, Kritkaya and Subramania are worshiped more than the north Indian deities.

All Hindus, just as followers of other religions like Buddhism, Islam, Christianity and Sikhism believe that it is only the body that dies, the soul from the body is reincarnated in another being and it never dies.

Ramayan and Mahabharat are the most prominent epics, that are read, recited and worshiped in modern times by all Hindus. Ramayan, as the name suggests, deals with the life of Lord Ram, Mahabharat with the life of Lord Krishna. In Gita (Geet Govinda) philosophy of Hinduism is apparent in dialogues between Krishna and Arjun. Here is one of the most significant passage from this epic, which will ever inspire all humanity even today:

 “The raft of Knowledge ferries the worst sinner to safety.” Bhagwat Gita

 “Knowledge is wealth” Vedas

Devotion and Ahimsa are the two main tenets of Hindu philosophy. Devotion in Hinduism means worship of chosen deity, chanting its name like Ram Ram or Jai Jai Ram. Doing good deeds, after visiting and praying in the chosen temple, like giving food to the hungry and helping poor and needy. Devotion’s ultimate aim is merger of soul in deity.

The other important tenet of Hinduism is Ahimsa. Ahimsa means non-injury to others, human as well as animals, because all living creatures have soul. It is now known as non-violence. Mahatma Gandhi made it driving force for struggle for independence of India from British rulers in early 20th century. Non-violence made, British to quit India in 1947. This philosophy has become relevant in the world to end imperialism or to get equality for coloured with the whites. This philosophy of non-violence and its success facilitated for the first time a coloured American (Obama) becoming President of white dominated USA.

It is pertinent to state that during 20th Century, because of the British policy of Divide and Rule and encouragement to Muslim League to fight for a Muslim dominated country of their own when they quit India, a sect of Hindus like Rss transformed itself, to an extent, abandoning Ahimsa ie, non-violence. These Hindus emulated Bhagat Singh and Raj Guru and later Netaji Subhash Bose, who being a Hindu differed with the Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non violence and took arms as leader of INA to compel Britishers to quit India. But vast majority of Hindus, particularly because of Vajpayee, founder of BJP, still believe in Ahimsa.

Basic purpose of brief analysis of Hinduism and Hindu philosophy from ancient times to present day is to emphasize that Hinduism does not advocate violence against followers of any other religion. Hinduism and Hindus have been peaceful for thousands of years. For last 1000 years or so they have suffered silently but have not, as a religious philosophy, indulged in violence even in retaliation. They have largely followed the Hindu philosophy of devotion and ahimsa for their own and others well being for peace and harmony.

February 5, 2010 Posted by | Hinduism, India, Indian History, Muslims, World History | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Partition of India

It is now well established that three persons were mainly responsible for partition of India. Jinnah till late 20’s was a nationalist, had nothing to do with Muslim League or Muslim politics. He was a die hard liberal and a staunch nationalist. But later RSS, Nehru and to an extent Patel who wanted United India with Hindu dominance and majority changed his attitude and he drifted towards Muslim League which was eager to have prominent and able men at its helm. Even a Pakistani American Ayesha Jalal says that “under Mountbatten , the British found in Jinnah a perfect bogyman to absolve themselves of responsibility for partitioning India in 1947.”
On the other hand Mahatma Gandhi had declared that “those who wanted partition could only walk over his dead body” It was mainly RSS, Nehru Hindu Maha Sabha and to an extent Sardar Patel who took a strong stand against Muslim League and compelled Jinnah to become Quaid-e-Azam, Supreme leader though not of United India but of Muslim Pakistan. M S Narayanan, a historian and a former Chairman of Indian Council of Historical Research, says “Nehru cannot be absolved of the responsibility of Partition, as he was the one who carried the mighty Congress with him, signed the documents and jumped into the seat of Supreme Power. He has to be cited as third accused (of partition of India) after Churchill and Jinnah, though he can be exonerated on account of Services to the nation and the world at large.”
Advani and Jaswant Singh in particular, are absolutely wrong in praising Jinnah as a secular leader of Pakistan. Jinnah had repeatedly stressed, after so called secular speech of August 11,1947 to which Advani and later Jaswant Singh have referred again and again, that Pakistan was a Muslim State.. “The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan would be able to enact laws for Muslims which went be inconsistent with Sharia laws and Muslims will no longer be obliged to abide by unislamic laws.” He wade a similar statement in Peshawar and finally to silence any dissent, at the Muslim League Council in Karach on December 14, 1947 he said “ Let it be clear that Pakistan is going to be a Muslim state based on Islamic Ideals”.

According to Mark Tully, “ Nehru himself was prepared to admit he might have made mistakes which helped to partition India. Nehru wrote to Nawab of Bhopal on July 9, 1948 “ I know that we are to blame it because we thought that perhaps that way, however painful it was, we might have some peace. Perhaps we acted wrongly”
Partition has been a great and unforgettable crisis for whole of India and even Pakistan when millions of people lost their lives for no fault of theirs but because of political strife between men as outlined above who were anxious to come to power and rule India and Pakistan.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | India | , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Fundamentalism and Terrorism

Root cause of terrorism lies in fundamentalism which leads to fanaticism which in due course becomes terrorism or leads to terrorism. Thus fundamentalism, whether it is Muslim and even in Muslims between Shias and Sunis or it is Christian which is responsible for death of 6 million Jews under Hitler or Jewish which is mainly responsible for Jewish-Arab conflict in Palestine and West Asia (Jews being armed and supported by America while Palestinian by rest of Arabs. Fundamentalism is an evil whether it is communistic, which caused death of hundreds of thousands under Stalin for being anti Stalin or anti communistic or it is Buddhist under Dalai lama, which is causing trouble in Tibet and strong reaction in China or Hindu fundamentalism of Bajrang Dal and RSS which led to demolition of Babri Masjid or Sikh fundamentalism Leading to Dal Khalsa separatist (though as a reaction to attack on Golden Temple under Indira Gandhi’s Prime Minister-ship.)

Fundamentalism of any type or of any religion or of any ‘ism’ is an evil. It is a curse on humanity.

I therefore quote from Bhavani Singh’s article on Global Terrorism.

PSYCHO-DYNAMICS OF TERRORISM

Terrorism, having acquired a religious label in the name of Jehad or holy-war has become attractive to its followers and is rooted deep into their psyche. It arms them with suitable motivation to attempt something really big or spectacular, no matter at what cost. The frequent use of human bombs indicates not only the capability but also the commitment of terrorists to make the supreme sacrifice on the altar of and in the name of religion which makes it transnational. The activities of Pak-sponsored terrorism in Kashmir and Hamas- induced killings in Israel are instances in point. Apart from getting an immense amount of international publicity and media coverage through frenzied headlines, the urge for which is universal, the perpetrators of such crimes also receive a shot in their arms in the name of religion. Ayatollah Mohammed Hussain, in his treatise Islam and Violence, expressed his views on terrorism with striking candour. He said, “We don’t see ourselves as terrorists because we don’t believe in terrorism. We don’t see resisting the occupier as a terrorist action. We see ourselves as Mujahideens who fight a holy war (Jihad) for the people. Faith, whether religious or political is all. To the individual terrorist or supporter of terrorism, a murder can be an expression of defense of freedom, a car bomb which kills civilians can be a blow struck in a war of liberation, a kidnapping and a murder can be a step towards justice.”

With the disintegration of USSR, New independent Muslim Countries of former Soviet Union have become more aggressive and fanatical Muslims. This is evident from the fact “Turkmenistan had only four functional mosques before 1991, now the number is over 100. Similarly in Uzbekistan the number of mosques increased from 300 to 5000. Even Kyrgistan today has over 1000 mosques.”… Before 1991 no Muslim from these Muslim republics of USSR was going for Haj pilgrimage… “People going to Haj pilgrimage are being financially helped by Saudi Arabia. The result is that Islamic terrorist groups have sprung up in all central Asian Islamic Republics….and efforts now are for full scale Talibisation despite guarded local resistant” (Bhawani Singh’s article on Global Terrorism) These republics are close to Iran and have been helping Iran in getting nuclear know-how and latest technologies and equipment for nuclear bombs and missiles.

It will be apt to conclude Islamic Terrorism with the Jehadi Terrorists of various categories in Pakistan and even in India because of Calcutta Killings of 1946 which were instigated by none others than Mohd Ali Jinnah President of Muslim League who said that to achieve our aim of getting Pakistan “today we bid goodbye to constitutional methods.” After Calcutta Killings through Muslim League ‘Direct Action’, in August 47, when Jinnah became Governor General of Pakistan he instigated killing of lakhs of Hindus and Sikhs who were rich and dominant in Agriculture industry and business. Thus under Jinnaha’s eyes about 10 lakh Sikhs and Hindus were massacred and more than 1 crore turned out in clothes they were wearing. It can therefore be said that Jinnah and Muslim League in 1946 to end of 1948 were terrorists by any standard. Pakistani Taliban sponsored terrorism continues to this day in Kashmir and many parts of India as is evidenced by 26/11 Bombay blasts and sporadic blasts and riots in many parts of India by Indian Muslim Jehadis with support from Pakistan. Jehadi organizations and Talibans.

USA And War on Terrorism

Since Second World War America has been responsible for the deaths of millions: first by dropping atom bombs on Hiroshima and then unnecessarily on Nagasaki killing thousands of innocent civilians including women and children, then by entering in Chinese Civil War on the side of Chiang Kai Shek to contain communism, the same in Korea and then in Vietnam where 10 million Vietnamese died and also about 1 lakh American Soldier. USA did not stop here continued to arm,finance and support Israel against Palestine and adjoining Arab countries there by making most of Arabs and Muslims all over the world Anti American if not enemies of America.

Then came two attacks in 9/11 in twin towers in New York, and as a reaction attack on Iraq and on Taliban in Afghanistan and even in Pakistan, though Taliban were American creation with a view to free Afghanistan from Soviet supported Communism.

After 9/11 terrorist attack on Twin Towers in New York in which 3000 Americans died. Norman Millar in his book ‘Why are we at War’ is virtually crying for his country, the USA. “What in God’s name was happening? It is one thing to hear a mighty explosion. It is another to recognize some time after the event that one has been deafened by it. The United States was going through an identity crisis. Questions about our nature as a country were being asked that most good American men and women had never posed to themselves before. Questions such as, Why are we so hated? How could anyone resent us that much? We do no evil. We believe in goodness and freedom. Who are we, then?

In fact USA right from the end of World War in 1945, as explained above killed millions of people to contain communism and to prove to the world that USA is the only Super Power, while upto 1939-40 USA believed in isolation under Monroe Doctrine and did not either interfere in the affairs of the rest of world or let rest of world (any country of Europe in particular) to interfere in its affairs.
Hindutva- Its true meaning

The word Hindutva was coined and used first of all by V.D.Savarkar. Hinduism is a religion that all Hindus follow with all the rituals and worshiping all the Hindu gods Lord Rama, Krishna, Hanuman and other regional gods whose statues are all over India and worshiped by devout Hindus. It also means respect and if possible knowledge of Ramayana, Mahabharat, Vedas, Shastra and other many millennium old Hindu or Vedic Literature. Hindutva also means that Indian civilzation embraces all those who live in India, to whatever religion they belong but they have to love Indian Civilization in contrast to Muslim Civilization as propagated in Mecca and Christian Civilization as explained and propagated by Pope of Rome.

RSS Chief K S Sudarshan in 2001 while addressing a large gathering in Hardware said “The time has come when both Muslims and Christians who are living in India should Indianize their religions. They should sever their links with Mecca and Pope and instead become swadeshi.” (The Tribune Chandigarh March 9,2001) An extremist Hindu Brig B N Sharma (Retd) in his book, “A Nation on Fire,” defines Hindutava as: Hindutava is the collective essence of “Hinduism and is the end product of three elements, cultural nationalism, intense patriotism, and a pride in the collective memory of India’s past glory.” But Brig Sharma, as the title of book reveals, is not moderate but fundamentalist. He has ridiculed so called secularists who are more concerned with vote bank than with nation’s interest.

If BJP follows fully and faithfully what K.S Sudarshan says then BJP can never become all embracing Indian Political Party where followers of any religion will be welcome just as Hindus, without any discrimination. It is pertinent to quote Dr Chaudhary as under.
“The seeds of pathological antipathy and diabolical hatred against Muslims and Christians in India sown by Savarkar have now fully fructified, thanks to the constant watering and manuring of seeds at the hands of the Sangh Parivar. It resulted into the shameless act of demolition of Babri Masjid at Ayodhya in 1992 followed by communal holocaust all over the country in which hundreds of innocent citizens lost their lives. Then came the systematic persecution of Christians resulting into the horrendous act of burning alive of an Australian Christian doctor engaged into healing lepers, along with his two adolescent sons in Orissa.”(South Asia Today)

If BJP follows Hindutva in its full form with all the implications, it may attract towards BJP more and more Hindus with the active help of more than a dozen RSS volunteering organizations in virtually all fields like student and teacher organization workers of industrial and academic fields, women and in tribal sphere etc,etc.. But still it will remain only a Hindu Communal organization. To be a Secular All India Party BJP will have to dilute Hindutva and make it appear truly an Indian Civilization and part of all comprehensive Indian Cultural, linguistic, religious and ethnic groups.

It was mainly Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s farsight and determination that transformed BJS Bhartya Jan sangh a Hindu Party like RSS, into BJP an All India National Party like Indian National Congress and captured power in 1998 and ruled the country for full term of 5 years without virtual alliance with any party except Akali Dal; in Punjab. If BJP tries to be a truly secular party lot of uncommitted voters from other religions and regions will support it.

No doubt Muslim terrorist, jehadis of many hues and Taliban by their incursions and killings through suicide bombing like 9/11 in USA and 26/11 in Bombay have encouraged RSS followers, Israelis and some Christian Countries to give befitting reply. But for peace of the world and peace in their own country tact, patience and action are required to as and when necessary.

August 28, 2009 Posted by | India, Religion, Terrorism | , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Jinnah and Creation of Pakistan

Mohd Ali Jinnah the creater of Pakistan, who instigated communal riots, Muslims killing Hindus in Calcutta in 1946 and when he became the Governor General of Pakistan not only endorsed but encouraged the Muslims of West Punjab, in particular, to terrorize and even kill Sikhs and Hindus particularly the Sikh farmers and land owners in Lyalpur and Montgomery Dist which the Sikh farmers from East Punjab had turned into ‘Wheat Bowl’ of Pakistan by their hard work in two to three decades, so that Muslim farmers could occupy these fertile lands.
At the time of partition of India and creation of Pakistan only two states with Muslim majority were being ruled by Muslim League, Bengal and Sindh. At partition time Bengal and Punjab were divided, If NWFP had been offered the choice of independence or Pakistan it would definitely not joined Pakistan as is seen by the turmoil in NWFP and Baluchistan to this day after more than 60 years.
The great Calcutta Killings provoked by the Muslim League and its leader Mohd Ali Jinnah and Bengal Chief Minister Suhrawardy were responsible for the great and unprecedented Killing in peaceful Calcutta. Jinnah had said that to achieve our aim of getting Pakistan, ‘today we bid goodbye to Constitutional methods’ and August 16, 1946 was declared, Direct Action Day to instigate Calcutta Killing, a public holiday to give free hand to Muslim League hooligans to Kill Non-Muslims, Hindu and even Sikhs. Police and administration were absolutely inactive, non visible for the whole day so that Jinnah’s Words were put into action. That was the beginning of Partition Riots in which Lakhs of Hindus and Sikhs from West Pakistan in particular were killed and forced to leave their homes and farms and property and in retaliation Lakh of Muslims, too, were killed mostly in India, Punjab and mostly by Sikhs so that Killings of Hindus and Sikhs by Muslims of Pakistan come to an end.

Jinnah’s above Speech is in glaring contrast to his Speech of August 46. As it was too late and followers of Muslim League continued with their Killings for which Jinnah can not be absolved. In Contract Gandhi Ji Nehru and even Sardar Patel never instigated Hindus and Sikhs to Kill Muslims.

August 24, 2009 Posted by | Biography, India, Indian History, World, World History | , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments