H C Singh

Hindutva – Its true meaning and implications

After defeat of BJP in the 2009 elections, there is much talk about HIndutva, whether it should be diluted to keep the RSS with BJP as its cadre party and source or to abandon it altogether to make BJP a truly secular so that it also attracts Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist and other small minorities of India to make BJP truly All India Party and an All India challenge to Indian National Congress.

 The word Hindutva was coined and used first of all by V.D. Savarkar. “Hinduism is a religion that all Hindus follow with all the rituals and worshiping all the Hindu Gods, Lord Rama, Krishna, Hanuman and other regional gods whose statues are all over India and worshiped by devout Hindus. It also means respect and if possible knowledge of Ramayana, Mahabarat, Vedas, Shastra and other many millennium old Hindu or Vedic Literature. Hindutva also means that India Civilization embraces all those who live in India, to whatever religion they belong but they have to love Indian Civilization in contrast to Muslim Civilization as propagated in Mecca and Christian Civilization as explained and propagated by Pope of Rome.”

 RSS Chief K S Sudarshan in 2201 while addressing a large gathering in Hardwar said ” The time has come when both Muslims and Christians who are living in India should Indianize their religions. They should sever their links with Mecca and Pope and instead become swadeshi.” (The Tribune Chandigarh March 9, 2001) An extremist Hindu Brig B N Sharma (Retd) in his book, ” A Nation on Fire,” defines Hindutva as: Hindutva collective essence of ” Hinduism and is the end product of three elements, cultural nationalism, intense patriotism, and a pride in the collective memory of India’s past glory.” But Brig Sharma, as the title of book reveals, is not moderate but fundamentalist. He has ridiculed so called seculars who are more concerned with vote bank than with nation’s interest.

 If BJP follows fully and faithfully what K.S Sudarshan says then BJP can never become all embracing Indian Political Party where followers of any religion will be welcome, just as Hindus, without any discrimination. It is pertinent to quote Dr Chaudhary as under.

 “The seeds of pathological antipathy and diabolical hatred against Muslims and Christians in India sown by Savarkar have now fully fructified, thanks to the constant watering and manuring of seeds at the hands of the Sangh Parivar. It resulted into the shameless act of demolition of Babri Masjid at Ayodhya in 1992 followed by communal holocaust all over the country in which hundreds of innocent citizens lost their lives. Then came the systematic persecution of Christians resulting into the horrendous act of burning alive of an Australian Christian doctor engaged into healing lepers, along with his adolescent sons in Orissa.” (South Asia Today)

 If BJP follows Hindutva, in its full form with all the implicayions, it may attract towards BJP more and more Hindus with the active help of more than a dozen RSS volunteering organizations in virtually all fields like student and teacher organization, workers of industrial and academic fields, women and in tribal sphere etc,etc… But still it will remain only a Hindu Communal organization. To be a Secular All India Party BJP will have to dilute HIndutva and make it appear truly an Indian Civilization and part of all comprehensive Indian Cultural, linguistic, religious and ethnic groups of whole of India.

 It was mainly Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s farsight and determination that transformed Bhartya Jan Sangh a Hindu Party like RSS into BJP an All India National Party like Indian National Congress and captured power in 1998 and ruled the country for full term of 5 years without virtual alliance with any party except Akali Dal as in Punjab. If BJP tries to be a truly secular party lot of uncommitted voters from religions and regions will support it.

 Since Advani’s praise for Jinnaha, when he visited Pakistan, without bothering to go deep into Jinnaha’s thinking in 1940’s and actions in 1946 to instigate West Bengal Government of Muslim League to abandon the rights and rules of and go ahead with ‘Direct Action’ which led to Kolkata Killings—it was certain that Advani should either quit BJP Presidentship and as leader of opposition, Lok Sabha, or would be ousted. Accordingly during early December 09, on the advice of RSS Chief, virtually little known in national politics, Nitin Gadkari 52 years old was chosen to replace Advani as BJP president. In Advani’s place Sushma Swaraj, who once contested elections against Sonia Gandhi in South India though lost but proved to be both daring and well-versed in parliamentary affairs, was nominated as leader of opposition while another prominent BJP young leader Jaitley was to continue BJP leader in Rajya Sabha.

 All these developments had to be stated in brief because both Sushma Swaraj and Arun Jaitely are moderates and not enthusiastic about Hindutava. They are more interested, like Vajpayee, to make BJP an All India Party to include all Indians of all castes and religions. It is heartening to note that in his first interview on 20th December 2009, Godkari, new BJP Chief has said ” I would like to involve more Dalits, Tribals and Muslims in the BJP” He father said: “I would like to concentrate on youth workers and farmers. I will concentrate my polities of development at the national level.” If Godkari sticks to what he has said in this interview, it would mean dilution of Hindutava for BJP.

No doubt Muslim terrorists, jehadis of many hues and Taliban by their incursions and killings through suicide bombing like 9/11 in USA and 26/11 in Bombay have encouraged RSS followers, Israelis and some Christian Countries to give befitting reply. But for peace of the world and peace in their own country tact, patience and action are required as and when necessary. So far as India is concerned because of Indian farmers, skilled and unskilled labourers and since last two decades Indian technocrats and managers being in limelight particularly in USA, it is imperative that Indians shun fundamentalism of Hindutava. India must remain secular and India’s image should be that of biggest democracy in the world.

December 22, 2009 Posted by | Corruption, India, Indian History, Muslims, Pakistan, Pakistan's Origin, Creation and Turmoil, Political Commentary, Politics, Punjabi, Religion, Sikhism, Terrorism, World History | , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Partition of India

It is now well established that three persons were mainly responsible for partition of India. Jinnah till late 20’s was a nationalist, had nothing to do with Muslim League or Muslim politics. He was a die hard liberal and a staunch nationalist. But later RSS, Nehru and to an extent Patel who wanted United India with Hindu dominance and majority changed his attitude and he drifted towards Muslim League which was eager to have prominent and able men at its helm. Even a Pakistani American Ayesha Jalal says that “under Mountbatten , the British found in Jinnah a perfect bogyman to absolve themselves of responsibility for partitioning India in 1947.”
On the other hand Mahatma Gandhi had declared that “those who wanted partition could only walk over his dead body” It was mainly RSS, Nehru Hindu Maha Sabha and to an extent Sardar Patel who took a strong stand against Muslim League and compelled Jinnah to become Quaid-e-Azam, Supreme leader though not of United India but of Muslim Pakistan. M S Narayanan, a historian and a former Chairman of Indian Council of Historical Research, says “Nehru cannot be absolved of the responsibility of Partition, as he was the one who carried the mighty Congress with him, signed the documents and jumped into the seat of Supreme Power. He has to be cited as third accused (of partition of India) after Churchill and Jinnah, though he can be exonerated on account of Services to the nation and the world at large.”
Advani and Jaswant Singh in particular, are absolutely wrong in praising Jinnah as a secular leader of Pakistan. Jinnah had repeatedly stressed, after so called secular speech of August 11,1947 to which Advani and later Jaswant Singh have referred again and again, that Pakistan was a Muslim State.. “The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan would be able to enact laws for Muslims which went be inconsistent with Sharia laws and Muslims will no longer be obliged to abide by unislamic laws.” He wade a similar statement in Peshawar and finally to silence any dissent, at the Muslim League Council in Karach on December 14, 1947 he said “ Let it be clear that Pakistan is going to be a Muslim state based on Islamic Ideals”.

According to Mark Tully, “ Nehru himself was prepared to admit he might have made mistakes which helped to partition India. Nehru wrote to Nawab of Bhopal on July 9, 1948 “ I know that we are to blame it because we thought that perhaps that way, however painful it was, we might have some peace. Perhaps we acted wrongly”
Partition has been a great and unforgettable crisis for whole of India and even Pakistan when millions of people lost their lives for no fault of theirs but because of political strife between men as outlined above who were anxious to come to power and rule India and Pakistan.

September 17, 2009 Posted by | India | , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment